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Results 21 - 40 of 70.


Physics - Computer Science - 02.08.2021
New viable means of storing information for quantum technologies?
New viable means of storing information for quantum technologies?
Quantum information could be behind the next technological revolution. By analogy with the bit in classical computing, the qubit is the basic element of quantum computing. However, demonstrating the existence of this information storage unit and using it remains complex, and hence limited.

Health - 28.07.2021
Neandertal and Denisovan blood groups deciphered
Neandertal and Denisovan blood groups deciphered
The blood groups of three Neandertal females and one Denisovan female have been determined by a Marseille-based team including a palaeoanthropologist, population geneticists, and haematologists. Their research provides new data for understanding the origins, history, and health of these extinct hominin lineages.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 22.07.2021
InSight Mission: Mars unveiled
InSight Mission: Mars unveiled
Using information obtained from around a dozen earthquakes detected on Mars by the Very Broad Band SEIS seismometer, developed in France, the international team of NASA's InSight mission has unveiled the internal structure of Mars.

Social Sciences - 12.07.2021
The contraceptive effect of breastfeeding decreases with socio-economic development
The contraceptive effect of breastfeeding decreases with socio-economic development
While temporary sterility after childbirth lasts on average only a few weeks for a woman who does not breastfeed, it can last for months, or even more than a year, for one who does. But it was unclear how this contraceptive effect of breastfeeding is affected by a mother's 'energetic status' - that includes her nutrition and levels of physical activity.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 29.06.2021
The final dance of mixed neutron star-black hole pairs
The final dance of mixed neutron star-black hole pairs
Gravitational wave detectors have observed a new type of cataclysmic event in the cosmos: the merger of a neutron star with a black hole. The phenomenon was detected twice in January 2020. Several hypotheses could explain the existence of such mixed pairs. Further observations will be needed in order to settle the question.  Another missing piece has just been added to our knowledge of cosmic phenomena.

Paleontology - Environment - 29.06.2021
Decline of dinosaurs under way long before asteroid fell
Decline of dinosaurs under way long before asteroid fell
Ten million years before the well-known asteroid impact that marked the end of the Mesozoic Era, dinosaurs were already in decline. That is the conclusion of the Franco-Anglo-Canadian team led by CNRS researcher Fabien Condamine from the Institute of Evolutionary Science of Montpellier (CNRS / IRD / University of Montpellier), which studied evolutionary trends during the Cretaceous for six major families of dinosaurs, including those of the tyrannosaurs, triceratops, and hadrosaurs.

Social Sciences - 17.06.2021
Orphaned chimpanzees do not suffer from chronic stress
Orphaned chimpanzees do not suffer from chronic stress
The loss of a loved one can be a defining moment, even in the animal world. In chimpanzees, for example, individuals whose mothers die when they are young are smaller than their counterparts, reproduce less and are also more likely to die at a young age. But why? To find out, an international research team 1 led by a CNRS researcher 2 studied the shortand long-term effects of maternal loss on the stress levels of orphaned chimpanzees over a 19-year period.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 11.06.2021
French ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet to continue experiments on foams
French ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet to continue experiments on foams
Studying how liquid foams evolve over time is difficult, if not impossible, on Earth because of gravity. The FOAM-C experiment, which began in 2020, was designed to study liquid foams in zero gravity on board the ISS. New samples will be set up by French astronaut Thomas Pesquet on Friday, June 11. The FOAM-C experiment studies the properties of liquid foams in zero gravity.

Life Sciences - Environment - 07.06.2021
ALPALGA: the search for mountain snow microalgae
ALPALGA: the search for mountain snow microalgae
High elevation snow is home to previously unknown species of microalgae. Scientists have created the ALPALGA consortium to study this ecosystem, which is threatened by climate change. According to their initial results, these microalgae are tiered to elevation, just like herbaceous plants and trees.

Environment - 03.06.2021
Antarctica: how have temperatures varied since the last glacial period?
Antarctica: how have temperatures varied since the last glacial period?
Scientists have established the most reliable estimates to date of past temperature variations in Antarctic They highlight significant differences in behaviour between West and East Antarctica. This study makes it possible to test and consolidate future climate projections. Antarctica has experienced significant temperature changes, especially since the last glacial period.

History / Archeology - Social Sciences - 27.05.2021
Jebel Sahaba: A succession of violence rather than a prehistoric war
Jebel Sahaba: A succession of violence rather than a prehistoric war
Since the 1960s, the Jebel Sahaba cemetery (Nile Valley, present-day Sudan) has become the emblem of organised warfare during prehistory. Re-analysis of the data, however, argues for a succession of smaller conflicts. Competition for resources is probably one of the causes of the conflicts witnessed in this cemetery.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.05.2021
Optogenetic Methods Restore Partial Vision in a Blind Patient
Optogenetic Methods Restore Partial Vision in a Blind Patient
Results of this research, a world-first, were published in  Nature Medicine on May 24th, 2021. An international research team has shown that optogenetic therapy has helped a patient with retinitis pigmentosa to partially regain visual function. This is a milestone step towards a type of gene therapy that could restore vision.

Life Sciences - 20.05.2021
A plant-fungi partnership at the origin of terrestrial vegetation
A plant-fungi partnership at the origin of terrestrial vegetation
Plants that exist on land today have genes that allow them to exchange lipids with beneficial fungi This plant-fungus partnership is at the origin of the transition of plants from aquatic life to terrestrial life 450 million years ago, the first plants left aquatic life. Researchers from the CNRS and the Université de Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier, in collaboration with INRAE, have succeeded in demonstrating that this colonisation of land by plants was made possible by a partnership between plants and fungi.

Earth Sciences - 18.05.2021
Colonisation of the Antilles by South American fauna: giant sunken islands as a passageway?
Communication from CNRS on May 18, 2021. Publication of LGL-TPE in the June 2021 issue of Earth-Science Reviews. Fossils of land animals from South America have been found in the Antilles. The appearance/disappearance of archipelagos is due to tectonic plate movements and glacial-interglacial cycles.

Earth Sciences - 10.05.2021
Present-day geodynamics of the Western Alps: new insights from earthquake mechanisms
Publication of LGL-TPE in the journal Solid Earth on July 21, 2021. Due to the low to moderate seismicity of the European Western Alps, few focal mechanisms are available in this region to this day, and the corresponding current seismic stress and strain fields remain partly elusive. The development of dense seismic networks in past decades now provides a substantial number of seismic records in the 0-5 magnitude range.

Environment - Life Sciences - 06.05.2021
In the Alps, climate change affects biodiversity
In the Alps, climate change affects biodiversity
The European Alps is certainly one of the most scrutinized mountain range in the world, as it forms a true open-air laboratory showing how climate change affects biodiversity. Although many studies have independently demonstrated the impact of climate change in the Alps on either the seasonal activity (i.e.

Materials Science - 05.05.2021
Africa's oldest human burial site uncovered
Africa’s oldest human burial site uncovered
The discovery of the earliest human burial site yet found in Africa, by an international team including several CNRS researchers 1 , has just been announced in the journal Nature . At Panga ya Saidi, in Kenya, north of Mombasa, the body of a three-year-old, dubbed Mtoto (Swahili for 'child') by the researchers, was deposited and buried in an excavated pit approximately 78,000 years ago.

Chemistry - 27.04.2021
Structural and molecular basis of cross-seeding barriers in amyloids
Publication of CRMN in the journal PNAS on January 5, 2021. Neurodegenerative disorders are frequently associated with -sheet-rich amyloid deposits. Amyloid-forming proteins can aggregate under different structural conformations known as strains, which can exhibit a prion-like behavior and distinct pathophenotypes.

Environment - 26.04.2021
When Chauvet Cave artists created its artwork, the Pont d'Arc was already there
When Chauvet Cave artists created its artwork, the Pont d’Arc was already there
The Chauvet Cave, which lies by the entrance to the Gorges of the Ardèche, is home to the world's oldest cave paintings, dating back 36,000 years. Their state of preservation and aesthetic qualities earned them a spot on the World Heritage List in 2014, 20 years after their discovery. The location of the cavern-surrounded by a remarkable landscape, next to the Pont d'Arc natural archway-raises the question of whether the people who executed these artworks looked and walked out upon the same landscape as today.

Art and Design - 15.04.2021
Leonardo da Vinci definitely did not sculpt the Flora bust
Leonardo da Vinci definitely did not sculpt the Flora bust
" It is machination, it is deception ," said the Director General of the Berlin Royal Museums in his defence when criticized for buying a fake. Wilhelm Bode did not budge an inch: the sculpture he acquired in 1909 was an as yet unknown production of the great Renaissance master, Leonardo da Vinci. After one hundred years and numerous controversies, a group of scientists led by a CNRS researcher 1 has just proven him wrong once and for all.