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Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.05.2024
Preventive locust management: humanitarian crises averted
A new study, published by scientists from CIRAD and INRAE, provides a state-of-the-art assessment of the risk of Desert Locust invasions in West and North Africa, by analyzing 40 years of field data and climate records. The study reveals that preventive management measures have been successful in countering the favorable effects of climate change on outbreaks of the pest.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.05.2024
Bird flu control for pandemic prevention must start before poultry reach wet markets
Bird flu control for pandemic prevention must start before poultry reach wet markets, new research finds Research published today reveals the speed at which avian influenza ('bird flu') can spread in Asia's live bird markets and the urgent need to pivot pandemic prevention strategies. The paper, from senior scientists in the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub, describes how a computer model of avian influenza virus transmission was for the first time input with biological data obtained from chickens in live bird markets (also known as wet markets).

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 24.04.2024
The consumption of certain food additive emulsifiers could be associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
The consumption of certain food additive emulsifiers could be associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
Emulsifiers are among the additives most widely used by the food industry, helping to improve the texture of food products and extend their shelf life. Researchers from Inserm, INRAE, Université Sorbonne Paris Nord, Université Paris Cité and Cnam, as part of the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (CRESS-EREN), studied the possible links between the dietary intake of food additive emulsifiers and the onset of type 2 diabetes between 2009 and 2023.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 23.04.2024
Emotion can also cause chickens to get red in the face
How can we know what chickens are feeling? An INRAE research team were able to uncover various degrees of redness on chickens' faces depending on their emotional state, while, at the same time, demonstrating that the skin of chickens that were used to humans stayed lighter in colour, thereby indicating a calmer state when humans were nearby.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 23.04.2024
The consumption of certain food additive emulsifiers could be associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
Emulsifiers are among the additives most widely used by the food industry, helping to improve the texture of food products and extend their shelf life. Researchers from Inserm, INRAE, Université Sorbonne Paris Nord, Université Paris Cité and Cnam, as part of the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (CRESS-EREN), studied the possible links between the dietary intake of food additive emulsifiers and the onset of type 2 diabetes between 2009 and 2023.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 18.04.2024
Displaying the Nutri-Score in advertisements would lead to healthier food choices
Displaying the Nutri-Score in advertisements would lead to healthier food choices
For the first time, a study by a multi-disciplinary team of researchers from Aix-Marseille Université and Sorbonne Paris Nord University, including specialists in the fields of communication, nutrition, epidemiology and public health, has shown that displaying the Nutri-Score on food products in advertisements would lead consumers to choose healthier foods.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.03.2024
A global map of how climate change is changing winegrowing regions
INRAE, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, CNRS, Université de Bordeaux and Université de Bourgogne have analysed trends to come in current and developing winegrowing regions around the world to adapt wine production to climate change. The results of the study, published in Nature Reviews Earth and Environment, show that some 90% of coastal and low-altitude regions in southern Europe and California may no longer be able produce good wine in economically sustainable conditions by the end of the century if global warming exceeds +2°C.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 28.02.2024
Birds, collateral victims of agricultural intensification in Europe
Birds, collateral victims of agricultural intensification in Europe
The scientific community has been sounding the alarm over the effects of pesticide use on human health and the disappearance of numerous species in agricultural environments for half a century. As early as 1962, Rachel Carson's pioneering work predicted "silent springs" caused by the decline of birds, the collateral victims of pesticides via the poisoning of environments and the disappearance of insects.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.02.2024
Impacts of the European Green Deal on the agrifood sector
Researchers at INRAE analysed the market and non-market impacts of the European Green Deal on the European agrifood system. Substantial positive impacts on the climate, the environment and public health require simultaneous action on agricultural production, food losses and waste, and eating patterns.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 07.02.2024
Back to the future: 2019’s extreme heatwave didn’t kill all grape varieties
As heatwaves intensify in France, we need to adapt our crops. A new study by INRAE and Institut Agro reveals the genome regions involved in tolerance to extreme temperatures in grapevines - thanks to an experiment using the exceptional canicular episode of June 2019. Results published on February 7 in New Phytologist.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.01.2024
Biodiversity-friendly livestock farms: a source of inspiration for the future
Biodiversity-friendly livestock farms could be a real source of inspiration! Some positive news for the planet drawn from the conclusions of a study revealing how farm design and management can provide a window of opportunity for nature. Results published in the January 2024 issue of Agricultural Systems.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.11.2023
Crop diversification: a key to agriculture that is less dependent on pesticides
A major breakthrough has been unveiled in Nature Communications, revealing the results of an in-depth study on the beneficial effect of temporal crop diversification in reducing pesticide use in France. These results, based on a detailed analysis of more than 14,000 observations, pave the way for an in-depth understanding of the links between temporal crop diversity and dependence on pesticides, be they fungicides, insecticides or herbicides.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.10.2023
Yeasts used in food production may have potential probiotic properties
Our microbiome is directly and indirectly linked to the development of a growing number of human pathologies. This is true for the bacterial component, but also for the population of microscopic fungi that make up the intestinal microbiome. However, most of the fungi in our diet come from the food industry (cheeses, bread, etc.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.05.2023
Agricultural intensification is driving a decline in bird populations across Europe
Agricultural intensification is driving a decline in bird populations across Europe
  Bird populations across continental Europe have declined by 25% in 40 years, with this figure reaching nearly 60% for species found in agricultural environments. Intensive farming is the main source of pressure linked to declining bird populations. These findings come from the largest and most comprehensive bird study to date in Europe.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 08.02.2023
Discovery of a protein’s key role in plant metabolism
Publication of the RDP in the journal The Plant Cell on February 8, 2023. Press realease of the INRAE on February 8, 2023. Nitrogen is an essential element for plant growth and therefore agricultural production. Understanding how plants assimilate nitrogen is essential for developing sustainable agriculture using less fertiliser.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.01.2023
Dietary Exposure to Nitrites Associated with Increased Type 2 Diabetes Risk
In addition to their role in food preservation, nitrites and nitrates give a pink color to ham and other processed meat products. © Adobe Stock More than 15,000 packaged products on the French market currently contain nitrites or nitrates. Although commonly used to ensure better preservation of processed meats (ham, sausages, etc.), the safety of these food additives is the subject of debate.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.01.2023
Protecting the microbiota from the harmful effects of food additives with a bacterium
Protecting the microbiota from the harmful effects of food additives with a bacterium
Emulsifiers are food additives used to improve the texture and extend the shelf life of foods. They are found in many processed foods (ice creams, packaged cakes, sauces..), although their harmful effects on intestinal balance have been demonstrated. In a new study, scientists from Inserm, CNRS and Université Paris Cité at the Cochin Institute in Paris aimed to counteract the deleterious effects induced by the consumption of emulsifiers by fortifying the intestinal epithelium via its repopulation by a bacterium naturally present in the intestine: Akkermansia muciniphila .

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 08.09.2022
Artificial Sweeteners: Possible Link to Increased Cardiovascular Disease Risk
Artificial Sweeteners: Possible Link to Increased Cardiovascular Disease Risk
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. Identifying the risk factors associated with these diseases in order to better prevent them represents a real public health challenge. A group of researchers from Inserm, INRAE, Cnam and Université Sorbonne Paris Nord within the Nutritional epidemiology research team (Eren) studied the health impacts of artificial sweetener consumption.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 06.05.2022
The origin of domestic sheep finally elucidated
Publication of the IGFL in the journal Animal genetics on March 14, 2022. CNRS-INEE communication on May 3, 2022. We investigated the controversial origin of domestic sheep ( Ovis aries ) using large samples of contemporary and ancient domestic individuals and their closest wild relatives: the Asiatic mouflon ( Ovis gmelini ), the urial ( Ovis vignei ) and the argali ( Ovis ammon ).

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 24.03.2022
Artificial Sweeteners: Possible Link to Increased Cancer Risk
Artificial Sweeteners: Possible Link to Increased Cancer Risk
Artificial sweeteners are used to reduce the amounts of added sugar in foods and beverages, thereby maintaining sweetness without the extra calories. These products, such as diet sodas, yoghurts and sweetener tablets for drinks, are consumed by millions of people daily. However, the safety of these additives is the subject of debate.
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