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Paleontology - Environment - 09.02.2024
An exceptionally well-preserved fossil deposit discovered in southern France
An exceptionally well-preserved fossil deposit discovered in southern France
A new fossil deposit has been unearthed in the Hérault region thanks to the long-term work of a couple of amateur paleontology enthusiasts, whose discoveries have been studied by an international team involving scientists from the CNRS (1) and the University of Lausanne. With over 400 fossils dating back 470 million years, the Cabrières site near Pézenas bears witness to the closest environment ever observed to the South Pole at that time.

Environment - 26.01.2024
Optimising global crop yields to meet growing food demand
An INRAE study conducted in collaboration with the University of Minnesota reveals global disparities between current and attainable agricultural yields, underscoring the importance of optimising agricultural practices by 2050 in the face of growing global demand. The researchers highlight crop growth potential for several crops, including maize, cassava and sorghum, and warn that rice yields could stagnate in Asia.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.01.2024
Biodiversity-friendly livestock farms: a source of inspiration for the future
Biodiversity-friendly livestock farms could be a real source of inspiration! Some positive news for the planet drawn from the conclusions of a study revealing how farm design and management can provide a window of opportunity for nature. Results published in the January 2024 issue of Agricultural Systems.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 06.12.2023
The ocean may be storing more carbon than estimated in earlier studies
The ocean may be storing more carbon than estimated in earlier studies
The ocean's capacity to store atmospheric carbon dioxide is some 20% greater than the estimates contained in the latest IPCC report 1 . These are the findings of a study to be published in the journal Nature on December 6, 2023, led by an international team including a biologist from the CNRS 2 . The scientists looked at the role played by plankton in the natural transport of carbon from surface waters down to the seabed.

Life Sciences - Environment - 01.12.2023
An international collaboration identifies new genes influencing beef production
Beef currently accounts for 21% of the world's meat consumption, placing it third after poultry and pork. It therefore plays a crucial role in the global food system, with great economic and cultural importance in many countries. However, its production has a high environmental impact, mainly due to greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.11.2023
Crop diversification: a key to agriculture that is less dependent on pesticides
A major breakthrough has been unveiled in Nature Communications, revealing the results of an in-depth study on the beneficial effect of temporal crop diversification in reducing pesticide use in France. These results, based on a detailed analysis of more than 14,000 observations, pave the way for an in-depth understanding of the links between temporal crop diversity and dependence on pesticides, be they fungicides, insecticides or herbicides.

Environment - Life Sciences - 21.11.2023
Blood of glaciers: how an alga adapts to living in snow
Blood of glaciers: how an alga adapts to living in snow
In the spring, Alpine glaciers sometimes don a sheer red or orangish veil. Known as 'red snow' or 'blood snow', this phenomenon is caused by the blooming of Sanguina nivaloides , a microscopic alga. Scientists from the CNRS, the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Météo-France, INRAE, and Université Grenoble Alpes 1 turned their attention to this organism, which forms the pillar of a snowy ecosystem still poorly understood.

Environment - Life Sciences - 21.11.2023
'Blood of the glaciers': how an algae adapts to life in the snow
’Blood of the glaciers’: how an algae adapts to life in the snow
In spring, Alpine glaciers sometimes turn a thin layer of red or orange. This phenomenon, known as "glacier blood", is due to the proliferation of a microscopic alga called Sanguina nivaloides . Scientists 1 from CNRS, CEA, Météo-France, INRAE and Grenoble Alpes University have been studying this organism, which forms the backbone of a little-known snow ecosystem.

Environment - 20.11.2023
Plants might be able to absorb more CO2 from human activities than previously expected
PRESS RELEASE LED BY WESTERN SYDNEY UNIVERSITY - INRAE participated to a new research led by Western Sydney University's Dr Jürgen Knauer, Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, published today [Saturday 18 November 2023 AEST] in leading international journal Science Advances paints an uncharacteristically upbeat picture for the planet.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 14.11.2023
Mountain: it is now possible to quantify the risk associated with rockfalls in the Andes
Researchers from INRAE, Universidad del Desarrollo (Chile), University of Geneva and University of Grenoble developed a new method to assess the risk associated with rockfalls in the mountains, taking into account various triggering factors and all the issues exposed. They successfully tested it in the Chilean Andes.

Environment - Life Sciences - 10.11.2023
New insights into the secret of plant growth
Unlike animals, plants have cells that are all surrounded by a strong wall. This protects them but also encloses them in a rigid skeleton. So how can they grow despite this wall? Scientists from INRAE and the CNRS, in collaboration with Swiss and Belgian teams, have now unlocked part of this secret.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 07.11.2023
Greenland's ice shelves have lost more than a third of their volume
Greenland’s ice shelves have lost more than a third of their volume
The largest floating ice shelves in the polar ice sheet have lost more than a third of their volume since 1978.

Environment - Life Sciences - 02.10.2023
Fungi provide functional stability in forests
French and Chinese scientists have made surprising discoveries about the crucial roles of soil fungi in forest ecosystems. This work arose from an international collaboration between researchers at INRAE, the University of Lorraine, the University of Aix-Marseille, Beijing Forestry University, the Kunming Institute of Botany, and the Yunnan Key Laboratory for Fungal Diversity and Green Development.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 02.10.2023
Boreal and temperate forests now main global carbon sinks
Using a new analysis method for satellite images, an international research team, coordinated by the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and INRAE, mapped for the first time annual changes in global forest biomass between 2010 and 2019. Researchers discovered that boreal and temperate forests have become the main global carbon sinks.

Environment - 31.08.2023
Developing silicones that are friendlier toward health and the environment
Polysiloxanes, the scientific name for silicones, possess exceptional properties, and are used in numerous fields ranging from cosmetics to aerospace. They are absolutely everywhere! However, small cyclic oligosiloxanes impurities - including substances classified as toxic for the environment and identified as potential endocrine disruptors - can form during their synthesis.

Environment - Astronomy / Space - 09.08.2023
Mars: new evidence of an environment conducive to the emergence of life
Mars: new evidence of an environment conducive to the emergence of life
Scientists have discovered fossil evidence of a cyclical climate on Mars, with wet and dry seasons like those on Earth. This environment, in which simple organic molecules have already been discovered, may have provided ideal conditions for the formation of complex organic compounds. This work opens up new prospects for research into the processes underlying the origin of life, of which no vestiges remain on Earth.

Health - Environment - 18.07.2023
Air Pollution Accelerates Eye Ageing
Air Pollution Accelerates Eye Ageing
Numerous studies are now reporting the harmful effects of air pollution on the central nervous system (neurodegenerative diseases in adults, neurodevelopmental disorders in children). Glaucoma, the second leading cause of blindness worldwide, is a neurodegenerative disease of the optic nerve whose principal characteristic is thinning of the retinal nerve fiber layer.

History / Archeology - Environment - 09.06.2023
The first prehistoric wind instruments discovered in the Levant
The first prehistoric wind instruments discovered in the Levant
Although the prehistoric site of Eynan-Mallaha in northern Israel has been thoroughly examined since 1955, it still holds some surprises for scientists. Seven prehistoric wind instruments known as flutes, recently identified by a Franco-Israeli team 1 , are the subject of an article published on 9 June in Nature Scientific Reports .

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.05.2023
Agricultural intensification is driving a decline in bird populations across Europe
Agricultural intensification is driving a decline in bird populations across Europe
  Bird populations across continental Europe have declined by 25% in 40 years, with this figure reaching nearly 60% for species found in agricultural environments. Intensive farming is the main source of pressure linked to declining bird populations. These findings come from the largest and most comprehensive bird study to date in Europe.

Health - Environment - 24.04.2023
Hypertension: A Mixture of Air Pollutants Could Cause Repeated High Blood Pressure Peaks
Air pollution is an acknowledged environmental factor in high blood pressure. It consists of a mixture of particles and gases whose combined effects on human health are not yet well known. A team from Inserm and Sorbonne Université, assisted by international collaborators, used continuous monitoring to study the daily life impact of a mixture of five air pollutants on the blood pressure of 221 MobiliSense study participants in the Greater Paris area.
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