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Health - Jan 26
Health

A molecule obtained from an edible mushroom could open up therapeutic avenues for patients with cystic fibrosis, the most frequent rare genetic disease. A team led by Fabrice Lejeune, Inserm researcher at the Cancer Heterogeneity, Plasticity and Resistance to Therapies laboratory

Health - Jan 25

Scientists from the Institut Pasteur, Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital (AP-HP), Inserm in the Imagine Institute, Université Paris Cité and the Alfort National Veterinary School (EnvA) have identified a previously unknown species of circovirus, provisionally named human circovirus 1 (HCirV-1).

Health - Jan 23

The specific risk factors for the development of Parkinson's disease in women remain little studied and poorly known. Exposure to the hormones involved in female reproductive life is one of the avenues explored at the Epidemiology and Population Health Research Center (CESP) by a research team from Inserm, Université Paris-Saclay, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines with Institut Gustave Roussy, which compared the reproductive characteristics of nearly 1,200 women with Parkinson's disease with those of other women from the E3N cohort

Life Sciences - Jan 25

Aedes mosquitoes are the principal vectors of dengue and other arboviruses, including Zika, for which no vaccines or antiviral treatments currently exist. Understanding the factors that influence the transmission of arboviruses from mosquitoes to humans is therefore a priority because it could guide the implementation of public health measures that could limit or even prevent epidemics.

Health - Jan 18

The team from the Human Genetics of Infectious Diseases Laboratory of the Necker-Enfants malades AP-HP Hospital, Inserm, Université Paris Cité within the Imagine Institute, leading the international consortium COVID Human Genetic Effort ( www.


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Health - Life Sciences - 26.01.2023
Cystic Fibrosis: A New Therapeutic Avenue Thanks to Research Into an Edible Mushroom
Cystic Fibrosis: A New Therapeutic Avenue Thanks to Research Into an Edible Mushroom
A molecule obtained from an edible mushroom could open up therapeutic avenues for patients with cystic fibrosis, the most frequent rare genetic disease. A team led by Fabrice Lejeune, Inserm researcher at the Cancer Heterogeneity, Plasticity and Resistance to Therapies laboratory (Inserm/ CNRS/ Université de Lille/Institut Pasteur de Lille/University Hospital Lille) tested the effects of 2,6-diaminopurine (DAP), one of the active principles contained in the Lepista flaccida mushroom, in different experimental models of the disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.01.2023
Discovery of a circovirus involved in human hepatitis
Scientists from the Institut Pasteur, Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital (AP-HP), Inserm in the Imagine Institute, Université Paris Cité and the Alfort National Veterinary School (EnvA) have identified a previously unknown species of circovirus, provisionally named human circovirus 1 (HCirV-1). Circoviruses are a family of small, highly resistant DNA viruses that were initially identified in 1974 in various animal species, where they can cause respiratory, renal, dermatological and reproductive problems.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.01.2023
Dengue and Zika Viruses: Towards a Better Understanding of the Mechanisms of Transmission
Aedes mosquitoes are the principal vectors of dengue and other arboviruses, including Zika, for which no vaccines or antiviral treatments currently exist. Understanding the factors that influence the transmission of arboviruses from mosquitoes to humans is therefore a priority because it could guide the implementation of public health measures that could limit or even prevent epidemics.

Health - 23.01.2023
Reproductive Life Factors and Hormone Therapy May Affect Women’s Risk of Parkinson’s Disease
The specific risk factors for the development of Parkinson's disease in women remain little studied and poorly known. Exposure to the hormones involved in female reproductive life is one of the avenues explored at the Epidemiology and Population Health Research Center (CESP) by a research team from Inserm, Université Paris-Saclay, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines with Institut Gustave Roussy, which compared the reproductive characteristics of nearly 1,200 women with Parkinson's disease with those of other women from the E3N cohort .

Health - Life Sciences - 18.01.2023
Covid-19: genetic defects responsible for multisystemic inflammatory syndrome in children
Covid-19: genetic defects responsible for multisystemic inflammatory syndrome in children
The team from the Human Genetics of Infectious Diseases Laboratory of the Necker-Enfants malades AP-HP Hospital, Inserm, Université Paris Cité within the Imagine Institute, leading the international consortium COVID Human Genetic Effort ( www.covidhge.com ) coordinated by Prof. Jean-Laurent Casanova and Prof. Laurent Abel, has discovered genetic defects responsible for multi-systemic inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), following infection with SARS-CoV-2.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.01.2023
Dietary Exposure to Nitrites Associated with Increased Type 2 Diabetes Risk
More than 15,000 packaged products on the French market currently contain nitrites or nitrates. Although commonly used to ensure better preservation of processed meats (ham, sausages, etc.), the safety of these food additives is the subject of debate. Nitrites and nitrates are also naturally found in various foods (particularly vegetables) and in drinking water, but agricultural and industrial practices can increase their levels.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.01.2023
Immunotherapy: a new two-in-one weapon against resistant tumors
Immunotherapy: a new two-in-one weapon against resistant tumors
Pressing the gas pedal and lifting the brake at the same time is the innovative idea of Dr. Nicolas Manel, Inserm researcher and team leader at the Institut Curie (Immunity and Cancer Unit - Institut Curie, Inserm) to improve the response to immunotherapies. For several years, the researchers have identified a signaling pathway - STING - that is essential for accelerating the response to immunotherapies.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.01.2023
Protecting the microbiota from the harmful effects of food additives with a bacterium
Protecting the microbiota from the harmful effects of food additives with a bacterium
Emulsifiers are food additives used to improve the texture and extend the shelf life of foods. They are found in many processed foods (ice creams, packaged cakes, sauces...), although their harmful effects on intestinal balance have been demonstrated. In a new study, scientists from Inserm, CNRS and Université Paris Cité at the Cochin Institute in Paris aimed to counteract the deleterious effects induced by the consumption of emulsifiers by fortifying the intestinal epithelium via its repopulation by a bacterium naturally present in the intestine: Akkermansia muciniphila .

Innovation - Computer Science - 16.01.2023
ChatGPT: A Technological Breakthrough?
GPT Chat is the latest innovation in chatbots. Designed by OpenAI, GPT Chat uses one of the most advanced language processing models available to simulate a natural conversation with users. GPT Chat is able to adapt to a wide range of conversational topics and provide smooth, natural responses through its use of the GPT-3 (Generative Pre-training Transformer 3) model.

Psychology - Health - 09.01.2023
Predicting the Onset of Anxiety Disorders in Adolescence Thanks to Artificial Intelligence
Predicting the Onset of Anxiety Disorders in Adolescence Thanks to Artificial Intelligence
Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric conditions in adolescence, with nearly one in three individuals affected. Some of these disorders - such as panic disorder or generalized anxiety disorder - tend to emerge slightly later in life or consolidate in early adulthood. Therefore, identifying those who are at high risk of developing clinical anxiety (which meets specific diagnostic criteria) is crucial.

Environment - 09.01.2023
Acorn production cycles influence wild boar populations
Acorn production cycles influence wild boar populations
According to a study published in The American Naturalist on 6 January 2022, sequences of environmental events over time influence population dynamics in wild species. A research team led by Marlène Gamelon, a researcher at the CNRS 1 , has studied the influence of sequences of oak mast seeding events over the years on a population of wild boars 2 , which are major consumers of acorns.

Environment - 06.01.2023
Glaciers disappear more than expected
Glaciers disappear more than expected
How will our glaciers evolve during the 21st century - In a new study to be published on January 5 in the journal Science , an international team 1 , including scientists from CNRS and the University Paul Sabatier Toulouse III, reveals a loss of glacier mass greater than previously projected. According to their work, this loss increases by 14% to 23% compared to previous projections, including those used in the last IPCC report.

Environment - 06.01.2023
Loss of glaciers faster than expected
How will our glaciers change during the 21st century? In a new study whose findings are published in Science (5 January), an international team 1 , including scientists from the CNRS and Université Toulouse III-Paul Sabatier, has demonstrated a loss of glacial mass greater than earlier projected-and specifically, 11% to 44% higher than estimates used in the most recent IPCC report.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 04.01.2023
Fathers Who Take 2 Weeks Paternity Leave Are Considered Less Likely to Develop Postpartum Depression
Fathers Who Take 2 Weeks Paternity Leave Are Considered Less Likely to Develop Postpartum Depression
In the weeks that follow the birth of a child, both parents are likely to develop depression. Paternity leave, recognized for its benefits on family balance, child development and male-female equality, could be one of the keys to preventing this condition that affects one in ten fathers and almost two in ten mothers.

Life Sciences - Environment - 03.01.2023
Microfibers of the Mediterranean
A consortium of bacteria form on the microfibers of the Mediterranean Sea, becoming "floating homes for bacteria". Maria Luiza Pedrotti, a CNRS researcher at the Villefranche-sur-Mer oceanography laboratory  has reported the presence of a pathogenic bacterium on the tiny textile fibers found in the deep blue sea.

Innovation - Computer Science - 03.01.2023
ChatGPT: A Technological Breakthrough?
GPT Chat is the latest innovation in chatbots. Designed by OpenAI, GPT Chat uses one of the most advanced language processing models available to simulate a natural conversation with users. GPT Chat is able to adapt to a wide range of conversational topics and provide smooth, natural responses through its use of the GPT-3 (Generative Pre-training Transformer 3) model.

Life Sciences - Environment - 03.01.2023
Microfibers of the Mediterranean
A consortium of bacteria form on the microfibers of the Mediterranean Sea, becoming "floating homes for bacteria". Maria Luiza Pedrotti, a CNRS researcher at the Villefranche-sur-Mer oceanography laboratory  has reported the presence of a pathogenic bacterium on the tiny textile fibers found in the deep blue sea.

Chemistry - Physics - 20.12.2022
What is the best recipe for making soap bubbles?
What is the best recipe for making soap bubbles?
A soap bubble attracts the attention of young and old. Who has never wondered the recipe of these fascinating bubbles or how to get the biggest one - In collaboration with artists, who have a great empirical knowledge of the recipes that work in their acts, a team from the Laboratory of Solid State Physics (CNRS/University of Paris-Saclay) has identified the main ingredients ensuring to get the best bubbles.

Life Sciences - Environment - 15.12.2022
Microfibers of the Mediterranean
A consortium of bacteria form on the microfibers of the Mediterranean Sea, becoming "floating homes for bacteria". Maria Luiza Pedrotti, a CNRS researcher at the Villefranche-sur-Mer oceanography laboratory  has reported the presence of a pathogenic bacterium on the tiny textile fibers found in the deep blue sea.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 12.12.2022
First light for the next-generation spectrograph WEAVE
First light for the next-generation spectrograph WEAVE
WEAVE has carried out its first-light observations on Stephan's Quintet, a group of five galaxies, some of which are undergoing collision. They provide a demonstration of its exceptional capabilities and hold out the promise of major discoveries. WEAVE, a new spectrograph on the William Herschel Telescope (Canary Islands, Spain), has successfully carried out first-light observations of a group of five galaxies called Stephan's Quintet, thus demonstrating its unprecedented capabilities and providing the astronomical community with the promise of many new discoveries.
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