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Health - Environment - 26.12.2016
Divide and rule, or how plant diversity increases the sustainability of their resistance
Divide and rule, or how plant diversity increases the sustainability of their resistance
In the Yuanyang region of China where rice cultivation is a tradition, scientists from INRA and CIRAD, working in collaboration with a Chinese team, have focused on the defence mechanisms of rice against its pathogenic agents.

Health - Environment - 26.12.2016
Divide and rule, or how plant diversity enhances the sustainability of their resistance
Divide and rule, or how plant diversity enhances the sustainability of their resistance
In the Yuanyang region of China where rice cultivation is a tradition, scientists from INRA and CIRAD, working in collaboration with a Chinese team, have focused on the defence mechanisms of rice against its pathogenic agents.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.12.2016
Optical control of a neuroreceptor alleviates chronic pain
Optical control of a neuroreceptor alleviates chronic pain
Pain serves as a valuable warning signal, but when it becomes chronic, pain should be considered as a real disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Testosterone for nerve fibre repair
To protect against attack, the body uses natural repair processes. What is involved in the spontaneous regeneration of the myelin sheath surrounding nerve fibres' This is the question addressed by researchers in Unit 1195, ‘Neuroprotective, Neuroregenerative and Remyelinating Small Molecules' (Inserm/Paris-Sud University).

Life Sciences - Health - 12.12.2016
Neurons paralyze us during REM sleep
Neurons paralyze us during REM sleep
During REM sleep, the brain inhibits the motor system, which makes the sleeper completely immobile. CNRS researchers working in the Centre de Recherche en Neurosciences de Lyon (CNRS/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1/INSERM/Université Jean Monnet) have identified a population of neurons that is responsible for this transient muscle paralysis.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.12.2016
A molecule to regenerate insulin-producing cells in type 1 diabetic patients
Inserm researchers led by Patrick Collombat at Unit 1091,‘Institute of Biology Valrose' (Inserm/CNRS/Nice Sophia Antipolis University), show that GABA, a neurotransmitter that is sometimes used as a dietary supplement, can induce the regeneration of insulin-producing cells. This discovery, confirmed in mice and partially validated in humans, gives new hope to patients with type 1 diabetes.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.11.2016
Intestinal cells stave off bacteria by purging
Intestinal cells stave off bacteria by purging
Though purging is not prescribed as often as it was centuries ago, intestinal cells known as enterocytes frequently resort to this age-old remedy. Researchers from the Immune Response and Development in Insects (CNRS), Molecular Immunorheumatology (INSERM / Université de Strasbourg), and PAM Food Science and Microbiological Processes (AgroSup Dijon / Université de Bourgogne) laboratories have demonstrated that enterocytes attacked by pathogenic bacteria rapidly purge themselves of most of their contents.

Life Sciences - Health - 22.11.2016
The cause of uncombable hair syndrome identified
In 1973, the rare syndrome of uncombable hair or - pili trianguli et canaliculi - was described by a Toulouse dermatologist. More than 40 years later, Michel Simon, Inserm research director his colleagues at the ‘Epidermal Differentiation and Rheumatoid Autoimmunity' Unit [UDEAR] (Inserm/CNRS/Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier University) have identified its genetic cause.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.11.2016
Mitochondria are essential to memory
Numerous studies have shown that using cannabis can lead to shortand long-term memory loss. These effects on memory may be related to the presence of specific receptors on several types of brain cells (glial cells as well as neurons). Inserm researchers led by Giovanni Marsicano (Neurocentre Magendie, U1215) have shown that these effects on memory are related to the presence of these same receptors on the mitochondria, the energy centre of the cell.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.11.2016
Functional human intestine grown from stem cells
American researchers at the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and French researchers from Inserm (joint research Unit 913 ‘Neuropathies of Enteric Nervous System and Digestive Diseases', Nantes) have succeeded in generating a functional human intestine using pluripotent human stem cells.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.11.2016
Nutritional prevention a possible method to limit risk of cancers linked to iron in meat products
Nutritional prevention a possible method to limit risk of cancers linked to iron in meat products
Recent data suggests that the consumption of nutritional iron could be linked to a high risk of breast cancer, and a diet rich in antioxidants appears to be effective at limiting this risk. Such are the findings of a study led by INRA and INSERM 1 researchers, published in the journal Oncotarget . These new results confirm those found in animals AND findings on colon cancer.

Physics - Health - 03.11.2016
France doubles its experimental capability in nuclear physics
France doubles its experimental capability in nuclear physics
The new SPIRAL2 particle accelerator at the French large heavy-ion accelerator GANIL (CNRS/CEA), inaugurated on November 3 in the presence of the French President François Hollande, will be able to p

Health - 25.10.2016
The French are overweight - confirmed by the Constances cohort
Nearly one in two French people over 30 years of age are overweight. This is what the first results from the Constances cohort has revealed. Now supported by Inserm and the French national social security organisation for salaries workers (Cnamts), Constances collates health data on more than 110,000 French people.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 24.10.2016
Cutting down on salt, fat and sugar in diets
Cutting down on salt, fat and sugar in diets
Cheese, chorizo, dry sausages, muffins, madeleines, custards and pizza sauce: for four years, these foods have been getting a makeover with the INRA-coordinated European project TeRiFiQ.

Health - 07.10.2016
Rituximab effective in the treatment of membranous glomerulonephritis
A national trial on membranous glomerulonephritis in 80 patients was coordinated by Prof. Pierre Ronco, of the Department of Nephrology and Dialysis at Tenon Hospital AP-HP, of the Inserm Unit ‘Rare and common kidney diseases, matrix remodelling and tissue repair' [1] and Pierre and Marie Curie University, and by Dr Karine Dahan, of the Nephrology Day Hospital at Tenon Hospital AP-HP.

Health - 06.10.2016
New immunotherapy-based approach for post-transplant leukaemia relapse
An Inserm team from the Mondor Institute for Biomedical Research (IMRB) has just identified a key switch in the immune response, and proposes a new immunotherapy-based approach for combating leukaemia. And maybe other cancers in time. This work is published in the journal Blood . Towards a new immunotherapy for cancer?

Life Sciences - Health - 05.10.2016
Eating well to grow well: discovery of a missing link
Rénald Delanoue, Inserm Researcher, and his colleagues at the Institute of Biology Valrose in Nice (Inserm-CNRS-Université Côte d'Azur) have identified the missing links in the process that regulates the size of an organism based on the richness of its diet. Their research was conducted on Drosophila , an insect that seems very distant from humans, but the study of which has nonetheless enabled many advances in biomedical research.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.10.2016
Invasive insects: an underestimated cost to the world economy
Invasive insects: an underestimated cost to the world economy
Invasive insects cause at least 69 billion euros of damage per annum worldwide.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.09.2016
Low birth rate after cloning: the consequences of highly disruptive interactions between uterus and embryo
Low birth rate after cloning: the consequences of highly disruptive interactions between uterus and embryo
When comparing cloned animal embryos and embryos that come about as a result of artificial insemination, there is a difference in gene expression at the moment implantation occurs in the uterus for more than 5 000 genes. Researchers at INRA and the University of California are shining the spotlight on this critical step for the survival of cloned embryos in cattle.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.09.2016
Low birth rate after cloning: the consequences of highly disruptive interactions between uterus and embryo
Low birth rate after cloning: the consequences of highly disruptive interactions between uterus and embryo
When comparing cloned animal embryos and embryos that come about as a result of artificial insemination, there is a difference in gene expression at the moment implantation occurs in the uterus for more than 5 000 genes. Researchers at INRA and the University of California are shining the spotlight on this critical step for the survival of cloned embryos in cattle.
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