news 2017

« BACK

Health



Results 1 - 20 of 62.
1 2 3 4 Next »


Health - 10.11.2017
The consumption of antioxidant-rich foods is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes
A lower risk of type 2 diabetes has been observed among individuals consuming food rich in antioxidants. This effect is largely contributed by fruit, vegetables, tea and other hot beverages, as well as moderate consumption of alcohol, as shown in a recent study from an Inserm research group, published in Diabetologia , the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD).

Health - Life Sciences - 03.11.2017
Antibiotics affect the efficacy of immunotherapy
A study published in the journal Science by a research team from Gustave Roussy, INSERM, INRA, AP-HP, IHU Médiaterranée Infections* and Paris-Sud University shows that prescribed antibiotics impair the efficacy of immunotherapy in cancer patients. It is important to consider that more than 20% of patients living with cancer receive antibiotics.

Health - Life Sciences - 26.10.2017
Discovery of a potential therapeutic target to combat trypanosomes
Discovery of a potential therapeutic target to combat trypanosomes
Yaser Hashem's team at the Laboratoire Architecture et Réactivité de l'ARN at CNRS's has discovered a new potential therapeutic target – located in the ribosome – to combat trypanosomes parasites.

Health - Computer Science - 13.10.2017
Augmented tongue ultrasound for speech therapy
Augmented tongue ultrasound for speech therapy
A team of researchers in the GIPSA-Lab (CNRS/Université Grenoble Alpes/Grenoble INP) and at INRIA Grenoble Rhône-Alpes has developed a system that can display the movements of our own tongues in real time.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.10.2017
BioPrint: Inserm Launches its Second Accelerator of Technological Research
The creation of accelerators of technological research (ART) is a priority of Inserm's strategic plan.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.10.2017
Identification of a molecular mechanism associated with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
A research team in psychiatry at CEA-Neurospin, together with the Mondor Institute of Biomedical Research (INSERM) and the Henri-Mondor (AP-HP) university hospitals, has shown that a genetic variant associated with several psychiatric conditions alters a prefrontal-limbic network, which may increase the risk of developing schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.

Health - Environment - 10.10.2017
When anemones bleach, clownfish suffer
When anemones bleach, clownfish suffer
The bleaching of corals is a well-known consequence of climate change.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.10.2017
Type 1 diabetes and the microbiota : MAIT cells as biomarkers and new therapeutic targets
Together with colleagues from AP-HP Necker–Enfants Malades Hospital in Paris, scientists from the Cochin Institute (CNRS / INSERM / Paris Descartes University) have discovered that the onset of type 1 diabetes is preceded by modification of MAIT lymphocytes. These cells—associated with mucosae and able to recognize elements of the microbiota—could therefore serve as new biomarkers for early detection and prevention of the illness.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.10.2017
Colon cancer: APC protein affects immunity by preventing pre-cancerous inflammation
Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) is a gene whose mutations are associated with a rare, hereditary form of colorectal cancer known as familial adenomatous polyposis.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.10.2017
Cell death by necrosis is not an accidental process
Cell death by necrosis is not an accidental process
Drosophila testes visualized by confocal microscopy. Necrotic germ cells are visualized in red (white arrowheads), cell nuclei in blue. © Victor Girard Cell death allows elimination of supernumerary cells during development or of abnormal cells throughout life. Physiological cell death is tightly regulated to prevent pathologies such as degenerative diseases or cancers, which often occur due to excessive or absent cell death, respectively.

Health - Psychology - 02.10.2017
Prenatal exposure to endocrine disruptors and behavioral problems in children
An epidemiological study carried out by Inserm on families from the EDEN cohort (500 boys born between 2003 and 2006 and their mothers) shows that exposure during pregnancy to certain phenols and phthalates is associated with behavioral problems in boys between 3 and 5 years of age. The most worrying compounds in this respect are bisphenol A, triclosan and dibutyl phthalate (DBP).

Health - Life Sciences - 28.09.2017
How do arteries protect themselves from atherosclerosis?
Associated with an aging population and the development of metabolic syndrome, atherosclerosis is a leading cause of death worldwide. Researchers from Inserm Unit 970, the "Paris Cardiovascular Research Center" (Inserm/Université Paris Descartes), have succeeded in revealing the mechanisms underlying the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.09.2017
"Humanized" Mouse Model Developed to Study Hepatitis B Infection
The ANRS consortium "Humanized Mouse Models for Viral Hepatitis"1, made up of 6 teams of researchers, has developed a mouse model for studying the interaction between the immune system and the liver following infection by the hepatitis B virus. This research, coordinated by Dr. Hélène Strick-Marchand (Inserm joint unit 1223, "Physiopathology of the Immune System", Institut Pasteur), responds to a real lack of animal models for studying this disease and thus opens up the possibilities for evaluating new therapeutic strategies.

Health - 13.09.2017
Researchers Warn About Mixtures of Endocrine Disruptors During Pregnancy
A new study led by Inserm researchers from Irset, the Research Institute for Environmental and Occupational Health, [1 ] shows for the first time in humans that simultaneous exposure to endocrine disruptors exacerbates the effects observed from exposure to each chemical independently. This study focused principally on the human fetal testes and the potential consequences of these mixtures on development of the reproductive system, as the selected chemicals inhibited testosterone production.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.09.2017
Animal welfare : Potential new indicator of chronic stress in horses
Animal welfare : Potential new indicator of chronic stress in horses
Cortisol is generally considered to be a stress hormone because its levels rise during episodes of acute stress. Yet its relationship to chronic stress is less clear. Researchers from the Éthologie Animale et Humaine laboratory (CNRS / Université de Rennes 1 /Université of Caen) and the Research Institute for Environmental and Occupational Health (INSERM /Université de Rennes 1), in collaboration with the University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna, have linked lower cortisol levels to states of chronically poor welfare in adult horses observed under their usual living conditions.

Health - 04.09.2017
Schizophrenia: the link between personality disorders and the perception of time
A recent study conducted by Anne Giersch and her team of researchers (Inserm Unit 1114 /University of Strasbourg) showed that some people with schizophrenia are unable to perceive and anticipate the passage of time. These results, published in the Scientific Reports journal, also reveal a link between fragile temporal prediction and minimal self disorders (self-perception, "I am here, now").

Life Sciences - Health - 01.09.2017
The bacteria responsible for Legionellosis modulates the host cell metabolism to its advantage
The bacteria responsible for Legionellosis modulates the host cell metabolism to its advantage
Scientists at the Institut Pasteur, CNRS and Inserm, together with a team from Switzerland*, have shown that the bacterial pathogen Legionella pneumophila (the causative agent of Legionnaires' disease or legionellosis) has developed a specific strategy to target the host cell mitochondria, the organelles in charge of cellular bioenergetics.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.08.2017
Testicular macrophages are guardians of fertility
Testicular macrophages are guardians of fertility
The origin, development, and characteristics of two types of testicular macrophage have been described by a CNRS team at the Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy (CNRS / INSERM / Aix-Marseille University). To elucidate the nature of these immune cells, the researchers used a novel cell tracing method.

Life Sciences - Health - 09.08.2017
Testicular macrophages are guardians of fertility
The origin, development, and characteristics of two types of testicular macrophage have been described by a CNRS team at the Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy (CNRS / INSERM / Aix-Marseille University). To elucidate the nature of these immune cells, the researchers used a novel cell tracing method.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.07.2017
Microdystrophin restores muscle strength in Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Researchers from Généthon, the AFM-Téléthon laboratory, Inserm (UMR 1089, Nantes) and the University of London (Royal Holloway) demonstrated the efficacy of an innovative gene therapy in the treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Indeed, after injecting microdystrophin (a "shortened" version of the dystrophin gene) via a drug vector, the researchers managed to restore muscle strength and stabilise the clinical symptoms in dogs naturally affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
1 2 3 4 Next »