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Health - 19.12.2023
Leading causes of death in France in 2021
Leading causes of death in France in 2021
Inserm's Centre d'épidémiologie des causes médicales de décès (CépiDc-Inserm), the Direction de la recherche, des études et de l'évaluation des statistiques (DREES) and Santé Publique France are analyzing the medical causes of death of people living and dying in France in 2021. Two complementary studies, which present these results, are published jointly in études et Résultats (DREES) and in the Bulletin épidémiologique hebdomadaire (Santé publique France).

Life Sciences - Health - 18.12.2023
Set of bacterial genes essential for colonising plant roots
Like humans and animals, plants have a microbiota that shapes their health and thanks to which they assimilate nutrients from the soil. How is this microbiota assembled? Using an innovative approach, scientists at the Max Planck Institute and INRAE have discovered three genes essential for bacteria to colonise plants and live in and on plant roots.

Health - 14.12.2023
Eating meals early could reduce cardiovascular risk
Freepik A study led by scientists from INRAE, the Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Inserm, and the Université Sorbonne Paris Nord, has revealed that the time at which we eat could influence our risk of developing cardiovascular disease. This study, carried out on a sample of over 100,000 people from the NutriNet-Santé cohort, followed between 2009 and 2022, suggests that eating a late first or last meal is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.

Health - Psychology - 13.12.2023
A new study sheds light on the link between childhood ADHD symptoms and physical health conditions
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects many children and is often accompanied by other conditions, such as metabolic disorders, asthma and dental caries. However, uncertainties remain as to the chronology of onset of such conditions, particularly when it comes to knowing which are linked with ADHD over time or, on the other hand, which increase the risk of developing ADHD symptoms.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.12.2023
Discovery of the role of a brain regulator involved in psychiatric illnesses
Contrary to all expectations, GluD1 - a receptor considered to be excitatory - has been shown in the brain to play a major role in controlling neuron inhibition. Given that alterations in the GluD1 gene are encountered in a certain number of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders, such as autism (ASD) and schizophrenia, this discovery opens up new therapeutic avenues to combat the imbalances between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmissions associated with these disorders.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.12.2023
The very first 3D map of the embryonic human head enables new insights into its development
The very first 3D map of the embryonic human head enables new insights into its development
3D light-sheet microscope image of a lacrimal gland of a tissue-cleared 12-week-old human embryo. The different elements of the gland were coloured using virtual reality software.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.12.2023
First 3D mapping in the embryo
First 3D mapping in the embryo
Improving our knowledge of the development of the complex structures that make up the human head, and thus gaining a better understanding of the congenital anomalies that cause malformations: this is the challenge that a team of researchers from Inserm, CNRS and Sorbonne Université at the Institut de la vision, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 and Hospices civils de Lyon is well on the way to meeting.

Health - 27.11.2023
Cardiovascular disease: diet, microbiota and immunity are all linked!
Cardiovascular disease: diet, microbiota and immunity are all linked!
While a high-fat, low-fiber diet is known to promote cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, the mechanisms involved are not yet fully understood. Researchers at Inserm and Université Paris Cité have now turned their attention to the role of intestinal microbiota in the development of atherosclerosis.

Health - 27.11.2023
Cardiovascular Diseases: Diet, Microbiota, Immunity, It Is All Linked!
Inserm Newsroom - Press room of the French national institute of health and medical research Visualization of immune cell (lymphocyte) proliferation in the mesenteric lymph nodes, under the influence of a microbiota modulated by a high-fat diet. Soraya Taleb/PARCC Although a high-fat, low-fiber diet is recognized as promoting cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, the mechanisms involved have not yet been fully identified.

Health - Pharmacology - 24.11.2023
Effective non-invasive ultrasound therapy in the treatment of heart valve diseases
Effective non-invasive ultrasound therapy in the treatment of heart valve diseases
Adobe stock Currently, the treatment of heart valve diseases relies on the replacement of the dysfunctional valve with an artificial prosthesis. However, this procedure cannot be offered to all patients due to its invasive nature.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2023
Antibiotic resistance: a new mechanism observed in real time thanks to innovative microscopy techniques
Antibiotic resistance: a new mechanism observed in real time thanks to innovative microscopy techniques
A better understanding of how bacteria acquire resistance to antibiotics is a key research issue in tackling the major public health problem of antibiotic resistance. The main mechanism by which these resistances are disseminated is called "DNA transfer by bacterial conjugation". Until now, this was thought to occur only between bacteria in direct contact with each other.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.11.2023
A new MRI technique locates aggressive tumor cells
A new MRI technique locates aggressive tumor cells
Glioblastomas are highly aggressive brain tumors whose treatment consists of surgery and radiochemotherapy. A new medical imaging technique could improve patients' prognosis, according to a recent clinical trial led by élisabeth Moyal, Professor at Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier University and Head of the Radiotherapy Department at the IUCT-Oncopole.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.11.2023
Major Breakthrough in the Treatment of Parkinson's Disease: A Neuroprosthesis Restores Fluid Walking
Major Breakthrough in the Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease: A Neuroprosthesis Restores Fluid Walking
Neuroscientists from Inserm, CNRS and Université de Bordeaux in France, along with Swiss researchers and neurosurgeons (EPFL/CHUV/UNIL), have designed and tested a "neuroprosthesis” to correct the gait disorders associated with Parkinson's disease. In a study published in Nature Medicine , the scientists describe the development process of the device they used to treat a Parkinson's disease patient for the first time, enabling him to walk fluidly, confidently, and without falling.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.10.2023
Yeasts used in food production may have potential probiotic properties
Our microbiome is directly and indirectly linked to the development of a growing number of human pathologies. This is true for the bacterial component, but also for the population of microscopic fungi that make up the intestinal microbiome. However, most of the fungi in our diet come from the food industry (cheeses, bread, etc.

Health - 23.10.2023
Diaper Packaging Conveys Pictures Inconsistent With Recommendations for Preventing Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Diaper Packaging Conveys Pictures Inconsistent With Recommendations for Preventing Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Sleeping in prone position was identified as the major risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the early 1990s. Royalty-free image - Association Naître et Vivre and ANCReMIN In several European countries where the incidence rates of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are high, a high frequency of unsafe parental sleep practices has also been observed.

Health - 12.10.2023
Certain odours can trick the brain into eating less salt or sugar
Adding certain odorants to food can make us perceive it as sweeter or saltier than it actually is. A recent study shows that this phenomenon is even more present in obese people. Obesity in adult populations in France has increased from 8.5% in 1997 to 17% in 2020 Source: Ligue contre l'obésité With obesity rates steadily increasing, reducing the amount of sugar and salt in food, whether at home or in ready-made meals, is high on the list of priorities.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.10.2023
Asleep but Open to the World: We Can Still Respond to External Stimuli
Asleep but Open to the World: We Can Still Respond to External Stimuli
When we sleep we are not completely cut off from our environment: we are still able to hear and understand words. These observations, resulting from the close collaboration between researchers from Inserm, CNRS, Sorbonne Université and AP-HP at the Brain Institute and the Department of Sleep Disorders at Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris, call into question the very definition of sleep and the clinical criteria that distinguish between its different stages.

Health - 27.09.2023
Human adipose tissue organoids developed to treat obesity
Human adipose tissue organoids developed to treat obesity
Long thought to be non-existent in humans, brown and beige adipose tissue plays a key role in our body's energy homeostasis. Nevertheless, they are in short supply in our bodies, and observing them in situ is not easy. A French scientific team 1 from Inserm, ESF and Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier University, led by Professor Louis Casteilla and based at the Restore Institute (CNRS/EFS/Inserm/UT3), has developed a unique process to generate them in the laboratory in the form of organoids.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.09.2023
Countering the effects of aging and the occurrence of cancers: new and promising results
Cancer and aging are closely linked processes, but the mechanisms underlying this relationship are still not well understood. By studying immune cells in the lung, researchers from Institut Curie and Inserm have provided new knowledge on the topic. They show that targeting ruptures of the nuclear envelope of these cells would represent a new opportunity for therapeutic intervention in age-related diseases, in particular cancer, thus improving the quality of life of the elderly in the long term.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.09.2023
Infection of Certain Neurons With SARS-CoV-2 Could Cause Persistent Symptoms
Infection of Certain Neurons With SARS-CoV-2 Could Cause Persistent Symptoms
The brain impacts of infection with SARS-CoV-2, responsible for COVID-19, are increasingly well documented in the scientific literature. Researchers from Inserm, Lille University Hospital and Université de Lille, at the Lille Neuroscience & Cognition unit, in collaboration with their colleagues at Imperial College London, focused more specifically on the impacts of this infection on a population of neurons known for regulating sexual reproduction via the hypothalamus (the neurons that express the GnRH hormone).
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