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Results 1 - 12 of 12.


Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 28.02.2024
Birds, collateral victims of agricultural intensification in Europe
Birds, collateral victims of agricultural intensification in Europe
The scientific community has been sounding the alarm over the effects of pesticide use on human health and the disappearance of numerous species in agricultural environments for half a century. As early as 1962, Rachel Carson's pioneering work predicted "silent springs" caused by the decline of birds, the collateral victims of pesticides via the poisoning of environments and the disappearance of insects.

Health - Life Sciences - 26.02.2024
New discovery on iron metabolism improves anemia treatment
Anemia is a major public health problem worldwide, affecting around a third of the population. There are many causes of anemia, but the most common are a defect in the production of red blood cells, a lack of iron in the blood or genetic diseases such as thalassemia. A better understanding of iron metabolism is essential to improve management of the many patients affected.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.02.2024
New therapeutic avenues to improve ovarian cancer treatment
New therapeutic avenues to improve ovarian cancer treatment
By studying for the first time the effects of chemotherapy on certain cells in the tumor microenvironment , a team from the Institut Curie and Inserm, led by Dr. Fatima Mechta-Grigoriou, has taken a major step towards understanding the mechanisms of chemotherapy resistance in ovarian cancer patients.

Health - 13.02.2024
The consumption of certain food additive emulsifiers may increase the risk of cancer
The consumption of certain food additive emulsifiers may increase the risk of cancer
Emulsifiers are among the additives most widely used by the food industry, helping to improve the texture of food and extend its shelf life. Researchers from Inserm, INRAE, Université Sorbonne Paris Nord, Université Paris Cité and Cnam, as part of the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (CRESS-EREN), have undertaken to study the possible links between the dietary intake of food additive emulsifiers and the development of cancer.

Paleontology - Environment - 09.02.2024
An exceptionally well-preserved fossil deposit discovered in southern France
An exceptionally well-preserved fossil deposit discovered in southern France
A new fossil deposit has been unearthed in the Hérault region thanks to the long-term work of a couple of amateur paleontology enthusiasts, whose discoveries have been studied by an international team involving scientists from the CNRS (1) and the University of Lausanne. With over 400 fossils dating back 470 million years, the Cabrières site near Pézenas bears witness to the closest environment ever observed to the South Pole at that time.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 07.02.2024
Back to the future: 2019’s extreme heatwave didn’t kill all grape varieties
As heatwaves intensify in France, we need to adapt our crops. A new study by INRAE and Institut Agro reveals the genome regions involved in tolerance to extreme temperatures in grapevines - thanks to an experiment using the exceptional canicular episode of June 2019. Results published on February 7 in New Phytologist.

Environment - 26.01.2024
Optimising global crop yields to meet growing food demand
An INRAE study conducted in collaboration with the University of Minnesota reveals global disparities between current and attainable agricultural yields, underscoring the importance of optimising agricultural practices by 2050 in the face of growing global demand. The researchers highlight crop growth potential for several crops, including maize, cassava and sorghum, and warn that rice yields could stagnate in Asia.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.01.2024
HIV: early treatment, one key to remission
HIV: early treatment, one key to remission
People living with HIV need to take antiretroviral treatment for life to prevent the virus from multiplying in their body. But some people, known as "post-treatment controllers,- have been able to discontinue their treatment while maintaining an undetectable viral load for several years. Starting treatment early could promote long-term control of the virus if treatment is discontinued.

History / Archeology - 10.01.2024
Discovery of immense fortifications dating back 4,000 years in north-western Arabia
Discovery of immense fortifications dating back 4,000 years in north-western Arabia
Digital reconstruction of the rampart network from the northern section of the Khaybar walled oasis 4,000 years ago. Khaybar Longue Durée Archaeological Project, M. Bussy & G. Charloux The North Arabian Desert oases were inhabited by sedentary populations in the 4 and 3 millennia BCE. A fortification enclosing the Khaybar Oasis-one of the longest known going back to this period-was just revealed by a team of scientists from the CNRS 1 and the Royal Commission for AlUla (RCU).

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.01.2024
Biodiversity-friendly livestock farms: a source of inspiration for the future
Biodiversity-friendly livestock farms could be a real source of inspiration! Some positive news for the planet drawn from the conclusions of a study revealing how farm design and management can provide a window of opportunity for nature. Results published in the January 2024 issue of Agricultural Systems.

Life Sciences - 04.01.2024
Ancestors of primates lived in pairs
Ancestors of primates lived in pairs
A study carried out by CNRS 1  scientists working with an international team has revealed that around 70 million years ago, when dinosaurs existed, the ancestors of primates most commonly lived in pairs. Only 15% of them opted for a solitary lifestyle. This discovery - that our ancestors adopted variable forms of social organization - challenges the hitherto commonly accepted hypothesis that at the time of dinosaurs, the ancestors of primates lived alone, and that pair living evolved much later.

Health - Materials Science - 04.01.2024
Asbestos: the size and shape of inhaled nanofibres could be exclusively responsible for the development of pulmonary fibrosis
Asbestos: the size and shape of inhaled nanofibres could be exclusively responsible for the development of pulmonary fibrosis
The pathogenic potential of inhaling the inert fibrous nanomaterials used in thermal insulation (such as asbestos or fibreglass) is actually connected not to their chemical composition, but instead to their geometrical characteristics and size. This was revealed by a study, published on 3 January 2024 in the journal Nature Nanotechnology , conducted on glass nanofibers by a French-Chinese team including a CNRS chemist.



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