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Agronomy/Food Science



Results 1 - 20 of 23.


Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 06.05.2022
The origin of domestic sheep finally elucidated
Publication of the IGFL in the journal Animal genetics on March 14, 2022. CNRS-INEE communication on May 3, 2022. We investigated the controversial origin of domestic sheep ( Ovis aries ) using large samples of contemporary and ancient domestic individuals and their closest wild relatives: the Asiatic mouflon ( Ovis gmelini ), the urial ( Ovis vignei ) and the argali ( Ovis ammon ).

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 24.03.2022
Artificial Sweeteners: Possible Link to Increased Cancer Risk
Artificial Sweeteners: Possible Link to Increased Cancer Risk
Artificial sweeteners are used to reduce the amounts of added sugar in foods and beverages, thereby maintaining sweetness without the extra calories. These products, such as diet sodas, yoghurts and sweetener tablets for drinks, are consumed by millions of people daily. However, the safety of these additives is the subject of debate.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 15.11.2019
Weed diversity mitigates crop yield losses
Weed diversity mitigates crop yield losses
Scientists from Inra and the Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna (Italy) have shown that not all weed communities (spontaneous vegetation) generate crop yield losses, even in unweeded conditions, and that high weed diversity is associated to a reduced risk of important crop yield losses. Published in Nature Sustainability , these results provide new grounds for sustainable weed management.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.09.2019
The genome of the pea assembled for the first time
The genome of the pea assembled for the first time
An international team * led by researchers from INRA and CEA managed to assemble the first sequence of the pea genome. This study, published on September 2, 2019 , will, in addition to increasing knowledge of this genome compared to that of other legumes, help to improve traits of interest for peas, such as disease resistance, regularity of yield and nutritional value.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 12.06.2019
The natural lipids in buttermilk could contribute to reducing cardiovascular risk in vulnerable populations
A French consortium led by INRA, in collaboration with INSERM, the Universities of Lyon and Clermont Auvergne, Lyon Civil Hospitals and the Human Nutrition Research Centres (CRNH) of Rhône-Alpes and Auvergne, have now demonstrated that consuming certain lipids present naturally in dairy products (called "polar lipids") could reduce the cardiovascular risk in overweight postmenopausal women by lowering their blood levels of LDL-cholesterol ("bad" cholesterol) and triglycerides.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.06.2019
Consumption of ultra-processed food and risk of cardiovascular disease
Consumption of ultra-processed food and risk of cardiovascular disease
In an article published May 30, 2019 in the British Medical Journal , researchers from Inserm, Inra, Université Paris 13 and Cnam in the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN) report an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in consumers of ultra-processed foods in the NutriNet-Santé cohort.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.01.2019
Crop plants could now reproduce clonally through seeds
Crop plants could now reproduce clonally through seeds
Grown throughout the world, F1 hybrid crop varieties have highly desirable traits. However, they remain expensive to produce. This situation may be about to change. By modifying the expression of certain genes, INRA researchers have created hybrid rice plants whose seeds give rise to offspring that are identical to the mother plant.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.12.2018
A diet rich in cheese in early childhood may protect against allergies
A diet rich in cheese in early childhood may protect against allergies
A study conducted by the University Hospital of Besançon and INRA shows the protective effect of high cheese consumption from a very young age. For the first time, a link has been established between cheese consumption and the probability of developing food or skin allergic diseases, regardless of the consumption of various other foods (vegetables or fruits, cereals, bread, meat, cake and yogurt) and living conditions in a farm environment (presence and diversity of farm animals).

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.12.2018
A diet rich in cheese in early childhood could protect against allergies
A diet rich in cheese in early childhood could protect against allergies
A study conducted by the University Hospital of Besançon and INRA shows the protective effect of high cheese consumption from a very young age. For the first time, a link has been established between cheese consumption and the probability of developing food or skin allergic diseases, regardless of the consumption of various other foods (vegetables or fruits, cereals, bread, meat, cake and yogurt) and living conditions in a farm environment (presence and diversity of farm animals).

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.08.2018
New perspectives to improve wheat: the reference sequence of wheat genome is finally a reality
New perspectives to improve wheat: the reference sequence of wheat genome is finally a reality
The International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC), of which INRA is a leading member, published the first wheat genome reference sequence in Science , on 17 August 2018. French research teams from INRA, CEA, and the universities of Clermont-Auvergne, Evry, Paris-Sud and Paris-Saclay contributed to the project, a scientific milestone due to the enormous complexity and size of the genome - five times larger than the human genome and forty times larger than the rice genome.

Innovation - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.06.2018
Digital technologies and plant production: predict and act
Digital technologies and plant production: predict and act
Connected hives, decision-support tools in viticulture, precision spraying, the use of drones, etc.; digital technologies now form part of the daily activities of farmers and presage a new vision for agriculture in the future. On 26 June 2018 in Montpellier, INRA, IRSTEA and the #DigitAg Institute for the Convergence of Digital Agriculture organised the Crossroads for Agricultural Innovation (CIAg) meeting on "Digital Technologies and Plant Production: Predict and Act".

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 18.06.2018
When young children learn to eat a wide variety of textures
When young children learn to eat a wide variety of textures
How do young children aged between 6 and 18 months learn to eat different textures' Which textures do they accept as a function of their age? For the first time in France, INRA scientists working in collaboration with Blédina have studied these questions 1 . They showed that children accepted small quantities of most textures at an earlier age than their parents usually propose them at home.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 24.04.2018
A clearer understanding of the impact of extreme climate events on wheat yields
A clearer understanding of the impact of extreme climate events on wheat yields
France, the major bread-basket for Western Europe, experienced catastrophic yield losses in 2016. Scientists from INRA, CNRS and CEA 1 have shown that in 2016, and in other years, abnormally high temperatures in late autumn accentuated the negative effect on wheat production of excessive rainfall the next spring.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.09.2017
Research and agricultural higher education publications : 1st Rank worldwide in citations for animal and plant science
Research and agricultural higher education publications : 1st Rank worldwide in citations for animal and plant science
An exploratory study carried out by Inra inside Agreenium's network enabled to identify French research and agricultural higher education outlines worldwide.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 09.05.2017
Organic pollutants and obesity are not a good combination
A team of researchers from Prof. Robert Barouki's Inserm unit (Inserm Unit 1124/Université Paris Descartes), led by Prof. Xavier Coumoul, has recently shown that the Seveso dioxin, an organic pollutant found in our food and in the atmosphere, causes liver damage in mice fed a high-fat diet.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.03.2017
Effects of the gut microbiota revisited
Matteo Serino, Inserm Research Fellow at the Digestive Health Research Institute (IRSD, an Inserm/University of Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier/National Veterinary College of Toulouse/Inra joint research unit), and his collaborators show that alteration of the intestinal microbiota, whether nutritional or genetic in origin, may have beneficial effects on liver metabolism.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.02.2017
Win-win strategies for climate and food security
Win-win strategies for climate and food security
Efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the agriculture and forestry sectors could lead to increased food prices-but new research identifies strategies that could help mitigate climate change while avoiding steep hikes in food prices. Climate policies that target agriculture and forests could lead to increased food prices, but reducing deforestation and increasing soil carbon sequestration in agriculture could significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions while avoiding risk to food security, according to new research published in the journal Environmental Research Letters .

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.11.2016
Nutritional prevention a possible method to limit risk of cancers linked to iron in meat products
Nutritional prevention a possible method to limit risk of cancers linked to iron in meat products
Recent data suggests that the consumption of nutritional iron could be linked to a high risk of breast cancer, and a diet rich in antioxidants appears to be effective at limiting this risk. Such are the findings of a study led by INRA and INSERM 1 researchers, published in the journal Oncotarget . These new results confirm those found in animals AND findings on colon cancer.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 24.10.2016
Cutting down on salt, fat and sugar in diets
Cutting down on salt, fat and sugar in diets
Cheese, chorizo, dry sausages, muffins, madeleines, custards and pizza sauce: for four years, these foods have been getting a makeover with the INRA-coordinated European project TeRiFiQ.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 19.10.2016
Cheese: a matter of love or hate
Cheese: a matter of love or hate
Until now, the reason why some people hate cheese has been a mystery. Researchers at the Centre de Recherche en Neuroscience de Lyon (CNRS/INSERM/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1/Université Jean Monnet) and the Laboratoire Neuroscience Paris Seine (CNRS/INSERM/UPMC) have just elucidated it. Their results are published online on the Frontiers in Human Neuroscience website.

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