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Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 18.05.2020
Mars: where mud flows like lava
Mars: where mud flows like lava
The surface of the planet Mars bears probable traces of -sedimentary volcanism-, a geological phenomenon that leads to the eruption of mud from underground. But how does a mixture of sediment and water behave in the open air on the Red Planet? Conditions there are extremely different from those on Earth - atmospheric pressure is 150 times lower and temperatures are generally negative.

Astronomy / Space Science - 23.04.2020
New discovery: first asteroid population from outside our solar system
New discovery: first asteroid population from outside our solar system
Ka`epaoka`awela asteroid 1 surprised the world in 2018: it was the first object in the solar system that was demonstrated to be of extrasolar origin. But now those who discovered it have announced that it is not alone. Published in MNRAS on 23 April 2020, work by Fathi Namouni, a CNRS researcher in the Laboratoire Lagrange (CNRS/Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur/Université Côte d'Azur), and Helena Morais, researcher at UNESP in Brazil, proves that at least 19 other asteroids orbited another star before joining our system.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 15.04.2020
Where did the antimatter go? Neutrinos shed promising new light
Where did the antimatter go? Neutrinos shed promising new light
We live in a world of matter - because matter overtook antimatter , though they were both created in equal amounts by the Big Bang when our universe began. As featured on the cover of Nature on 16 April 2020, neutrinos and the associated antimatter particles, antineutrinos, are reported to have a high likelihood of differing behaviour that offers a promising path to explaining the asymmetry between matter and antimatter.

Astronomy / Space Science - 25.02.2020
A Year of Surprising Science From NASA’s InSight Mars Mission
A new comprehension of Mars is emerging based on the first year of NASA's InSight mission.  Results described in a set of six papers published today, five and one in Nature Communications , reveal a living planet that is the scene of earthquakes, dust devils and strange magnetic impulses.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 14.02.2020
Mandy Bethkenhagen receives a Marie Sk odowska-Curie European fellowship
Mandy Bethkenhagen receives a Marie Sk odowska-Curie European fellowship
The Marie Sk?odowska-Curie actions support researchers at all stages of their careers, regardless of age and nationality. Researchers working across all disciplines are eligible for funding. The MSCA also support cooperation between industry and academia and innovative training to enhance employability and career development.

Astronomy / Space Science - 09.01.2020
Mars: water could disappear faster than expected
Mars: water could disappear faster than expected
The small red planet is losing water more quickly than what theory as well as past observations would suggest. The gradual disappearance of water (H2O) occurs in the upper atmosphere of Mars: sunlight and chemistry disassociate water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen atoms that the weak gravity of Mars cannot prevent from escaping into space.

Astronomy / Space Science - 09.01.2020
Mars: water could disappear faster than expected
Mars: water could disappear faster than expected
The small red planet is losing water more quickly than what theory as well as past observations would suggest. The gradual disappearance of water (H2O) occurs in the upper atmosphere of Mars: sunlight and chemistry disassociate water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen atoms that the weak gravity of Mars cannot prevent from escaping into space.

Astronomy / Space Science - Life Sciences - 05.12.2018
Pollution : New ammonia emission sources detected from space
Pollution : New ammonia emission sources detected from space
Paris, December 5, 2018 Researchers from the CNRS 1 and the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) have prepared the first global map of the distribution of atmospheric ammonia (NH3) by analyzing measurements taken by satellites between 2008 and 2016. The IASI interferometer developed by the CNES allowed them to catalog more than 200 ammonia sources, two-thirds of which had never been identified before.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 29.11.2018
A new method for weighing super-massive black holes
A new method for weighing super-massive black holes
Paris, 29 November 2018 Scientists have revealed, for the first time outside our Galaxy, the properties of rapidly moving gas clouds in the immediate vicinity of a super-massive black hole, enabling the mass of the black hole to be measured with unprecedented accuracy.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 10.08.2018
Parker Solar Probe : French research takes off for the Sun
Parker Solar Probe : French research takes off for the Sun
Parker Solar Probe will soon become the spacecraft to travel the closest to the Sun, by positioning itself a little over 6 million kilometers from our star's surface. During its journey within the solar corona, the NASA probe will notably have an on-board instrument developed by researchers from the CNRS, université d'Orléans, and the CNES.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 26.07.2018
GRAVITY confirms predictions of general relativity near the Galactic Centre Massive Black Hole
GRAVITY confirms predictions of general relativity near the Galactic Centre Massive Black Hole
Observations made with the Very Large Telescope (VLT) of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) have, for the first time, detected the effects of general relativity predicted by Einstein, in the movement of a star passing into the intense gravitational field of Sagittarius A * , a massive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 17.07.2018
Planck : final data from the mission lends strong support to the standard cosmological model
Planck : final data from the mission lends strong support to the standard cosmological model
In 2013, ESA's Planck mission unveiled a new image of the cosmos: an all-sky survey of the microwave radiation produced at the beginning of the Universe. This first light emitted by the Universe provides a wealth of information about its content, its rate of expansion, and the primordial fluctuations in density that were the precursors of the galaxies.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 28.05.2018
First light for SPIRou, exoplanet hunter
First light for SPIRou, exoplanet hunter
SPIRou, the new planet-hunting spectropolarimeter developed for the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), has successfully recorded its first starlight. Ten years after it was first designed and following four intensive months of installation at CFHT, this international instrument in which France has played a leading role is on the point of initiating its scientific operations, namely the detection of exoplanets around nearby red dwarf stars and the study of newborn stars and planets.

Astronomy / Space Science - 22.05.2018
Discovery of the first body in the Solar System with an extrasolar origin
Discovery of the first body in the Solar System with an extrasolar origin
Asteroid 2015 BZ509 is the very first object in the Solar System shown to have an extrasolar origin. This remarkable discovery was made by CNRS researcher Fathi Namouni and her Brazilian colleague Helena Morais, and is published on 21 May 2018 in MNRAS . Could some bodies in our Solar System come from the vicinity of other stars' Astronomers are in disagreement about comets, with some arguing that certain comets may have formed around other stars before being captured by the Sun, although they have never been able to prove it.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 30.04.2018
The laws of star formation challenged
The laws of star formation challenged
An international team led by researchers at CNRS, Université Grenoble Alpes and the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) has challenged currently held ideas about star formation. The unprecedented resolution of the observations obtained using the Atacama Large Millimetre/Submillimetre Array (ALMA) enabled them to measure the quantity of high-mass star-forming cores in a remote, very active region of our Galaxy, and show that there is a higher proportion of them there than expected.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 09.04.2018
The largest catalog ever published of very high energy gamma ray sources in the Galaxy
The largest catalog ever published of very high energy gamma ray sources in the Galaxy
The HESS international collaboration, to which CNRS and CEA contribute, has published the results of fifteen years of gamma ray observations of the Milky Way. Its telescopes installed in Namibia have studied populations of pulsar wind nebulae and supernova remnants, as well as microquasars, never before detected in gamma rays.

Astronomy / Space Science - 05.03.2018
Comet Chury formed by a catastrophic collision
Comet Chury formed by a catastrophic collision
Comets made up of two lobes, such as Chury, visited by the Rosetta spacecraft, are produced when the debris resulting from a destructive collision between two comets clumps together again.

Astronomy / Space Science - 10.01.2018
A French nano satellite to unveil the mysteries of Beta Pictoris
A French nano satellite to unveil the mysteries of Beta Pictoris
PicSat will be launched into Earth orbit on 12 January 2018 to study the star Beta Pictoris, its exoplanet and its famous debris disk, thanks to a small telescope 5 cm in diameter.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 30.11.2017
New early signals to quantify the magnitude of strong earthquakes
After an earthquake, there is a disturbance in the field of gravity almost instantaneously. This could be recorded before the seismic waves that seismologists usually analyze. In a study published in Science on December 1, 2017, a team formed of researchers from CNRS, IPGP, the Université Paris Diderot 1 and Caltech has managed to observe these weak signals related to gravity and to understand where they come from.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 16.10.2017
Gravitational waves shed first light on mergers of neutron stars
This is a major breakthrough in more than one respect. The scientists of the LIGO-Virgo Collaboration (which includes the CNRS) have for the first time observed the gravitational waves emitted by the merger of two neutron stars, rather than of two black holes as in previous cases. In another first, the light emitted from the source of gravitational waves was observed in the following hours, days and weeks, by 70 other groundand space-based observatories.
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