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History / Archeology - Environment - 29.08.2017
Rome's urban history inferred from Pb-contaminated waters trapped in its ancient harbor basins
Rome’s urban history inferred from Pb-contaminated waters trapped in its ancient harbor basins
Location of ancient Rome's harbor basins in the Tiber delta with the position of cores PO2 analyzed in this work . Photo S. Keay Heavy metals from urban runoff preserved in sedimentary deposits record long-term economic and industrial development via the expansion and contraction of a city's infrastructure.

Environment - Life Sciences - 03.08.2017
A new threat to pollination : the dark side of artificial light
A new threat to pollination : the dark side of artificial light
A European team, including a researcher from the Centre d'écologie et des Sciences de la Conservation (CNRS/MNHN/UPMC), has shown for the first time the direct and indirect impacts of artificial light on flower pollination. This threat to terrestrial ecosystems comes on top of other threats such as habitat loss, pesticide use, the spread of pathogens, and climate change.

Environment - Life Sciences - 08.05.2017
Does global warming threaten the gut microbiota?
Does global warming threaten the gut microbiota?
The deleterious effects of climate change on bacterial species composing the gut microbiota 1 of a lizard have been demonstrated by researchers from the Evolution and Biological Diversity laboratory in Toulouse (CNRS / Université Toulouse III—Paul Sabatier / ENSFEA / IRD), the Theoretical and Experimental Ecology Station (CNRS / Université Toulouse III—Paul Sabatier), and the University of Exeter in Great Britain 2 .

Environment - History / Archeology - 03.03.2017
Ancient peoples shaped the Amazon rainforest
Ancient peoples shaped the Amazon rainforest
An international team of ecologists and social scientists, including french researchers from IRD, Cirad and Inra, has shown in a new study published on 3 March 2017 in the journal Science that tree species domesticated and distributed throughout the Amazon basin by indigenous peoples before 1492 continue to play an important role in modern-day forests.

Life Sciences - Environment - 24.02.2017
Where do flowers come from? Shedding light on Darwin's 'abominable mystery'
Where do flowers come from? Shedding light on Darwin’s ‘abominable mystery’
The mystery that is the origin of flowering plants has been partially solved thanks to a team from the Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire et Végétale (CNRS/Inra/CEA/Université Grenoble Alpes), in

Life Sciences - Environment - 24.02.2017
Where do flowers come from? Shedding light on Darwin's
Where do flowers come from? Shedding light on Darwin’s "abominable mystery"
The mystery that is the origin of flowering plants has been partially solved thanks to a team from the "Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire et Végétale" (CNRS/Inra/CEA/Université Grenoble Alpes), in collaboration with the laboratory "Reproduction et Développement des Plantes" (CNRS/ENS Lyon/Inra/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1) and Kew Gardens (UK).

Environment - 15.02.2017
Alien species on the rise worldwide
Alien species on the rise worldwide
The increase in numbers of alien species does not show any sign of saturation at a global level, an international team of 45 researchers led by scientists from Senckenberg, Germany, and University of Vienna, Austria, has discovered. They found that during the last centuries the number of new introductions has continuously increased worldwide, with more than a third of all first introductions recorded between 1970 and 2014.

Environment - 15.02.2017
Risk of rapid North Atlantic cooling in 21st century greater than previously estimated
Risk of rapid North Atlantic cooling in 21st century greater than previously estimated
The possibility of major climate change in the Atlantic region has long been recognized and has even been the subject of a Hollywood movie: The Day After Tomorrow .

Environment - 14.02.2017
Biodiversity when restoring soil through fallowing: stronger interactions among organisms, increased carbon uptake in soil
Biodiversity when restoring soil through fallowing: stronger interactions among organisms, increased carbon uptake in soil
As a part of the EU's EcoFINDERS project, led by INRA, researchers studied changes in soil biodiversity when using fallowing as a restoration strategy. The study was made possible through the creation of a unique, long-term observation facility. It is also notable for the very large range of soil organisms (microand macroorganisms) studied by the project's researchers, who analysed their diversity and their community interactions.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.02.2017
Win-win strategies for climate and food security
Win-win strategies for climate and food security
Efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the agriculture and forestry sectors could lead to increased food prices-but new research identifies strategies that could help mitigate climate change while avoiding steep hikes in food prices. Climate policies that target agriculture and forests could lead to increased food prices, but reducing deforestation and increasing soil carbon sequestration in agriculture could significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions while avoiding risk to food security, according to new research published in the journal Environmental Research Letters .

Health - Environment - 26.12.2016
Divide and rule, or how plant diversity increases the sustainability of their resistance
Divide and rule, or how plant diversity increases the sustainability of their resistance
In the Yuanyang region of China where rice cultivation is a tradition, scientists from INRA and CIRAD, working in collaboration with a Chinese team, have focused on the defence mechanisms of rice against its pathogenic agents.

Health - Environment - 26.12.2016
Divide and rule, or how plant diversity enhances the sustainability of their resistance
Divide and rule, or how plant diversity enhances the sustainability of their resistance
In the Yuanyang region of China where rice cultivation is a tradition, scientists from INRA and CIRAD, working in collaboration with a Chinese team, have focused on the defence mechanisms of rice against its pathogenic agents.

Life Sciences - Environment - 21.12.2016
The blob can learn—and teach!
The blob can learn—and teach!
It isn't an animal, a plant, or a fungus. The slime mold ( Physarum polycephalum ) is a strange, creeping, bloblike organism made up of one giant cell. Though it has no brain, it can learn from experience, as biologists at the Research Centre on Animal Cognition (CNRS, Université Toulouse III—Paul Sabatier) previously demonstrated.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 12.12.2016
Atmospheric methane concentrations are rising faster since 2007
An international group of researchers led by LSCE (CEA-CNRS-UVSQ) has published a thorough budget of methane sources and sinks 1 over the last decade in the Earth System Science Data (ESSD) journal,

Environment - Earth Sciences - 14.11.2016
Searching for the world's oldest ice
Searching for the world’s oldest ice
Why did the rhythm of glaciations suddenly slow down about a million years ago? To answer this question and to better forecast future climate change, a consortium of researchers from 14 institutions

Environment - 30.08.2016
DACCIWA: better understanding the impacts of pollution in West Africa
DACCIWA: better understanding the impacts of pollution in West Africa
With an exploding population, massive urbanization and uncontrolled deforestation, West Africa is faced with major change, which could see anthropogenic 1 pollution increase threefold between 2000 and 2030.

Astronomy / Space - Environment - 24.08.2016
Closest ever exoplanet is potentially habitable
Proxima Centauri, the closest star to the Sun, has a rocky, Earth-sized planet located in the star's habitable zone, where liquid water can exist on the surface. This major discovery was made by an international team of researchers including Julien Morin from the Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier (CNRS/Université de Montpellier), and is published on 25 August 2016 in Nature .

Environment - 14.06.2016
CO2 hits record highs in the Southern hemisphere
CO2 hits record highs in the Southern hemisphere
Last month, the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) as measured at Amsterdam Island, in the southern Indian Ocean, for the first time exceeded the symbolic value of 400 ppm 1 , or 0.

Environment - History / Archeology - 25.05.2016
French cave sheds new light on the Neanderthals
French cave sheds new light on the Neanderthals
Deep inside Bruniquel Cave, in the Tarn et Garonne region of southwestern France, a set of man-made structures 1 336 meters from the entrance was recently dated as being approximately 176,500 years old.

Environment - Life Sciences - 14.04.2016
Tara PACIFIC 2016-2018
Tara PACIFIC 2016-2018
Coral reefs biodiversity facing climate change The research schooner Tara will leave her home port of Lorient on May 28th 2016 for a new expedition in the Asian Pacific.



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