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Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.09.2019
The genome of the pea assembled for the first time
The genome of the pea assembled for the first time
An international team * led by researchers from INRA and CEA managed to assemble the first sequence of the pea genome. This study, published on September 2, 2019 , will, in addition to increasing knowledge of this genome compared to that of other legumes, help to improve traits of interest for peas, such as disease resistance, regularity of yield and nutritional value.

Environment - Life Sciences - 29.07.2019
Aboveground vegetation biomass in the tropics no longer has a positive impact on carbon stocks
Aboveground vegetation biomass in the tropics no longer has a positive impact on carbon stocks
Scientists from INRA, CEA, CNRS, CNES and several international universities 1 have quantified - over the 2010-2017 period ' the time changes in the carbon stocks of aboveground vegetation biomass in the tropics. One main result is that over the studied time period, these stocks are almost constant: gains in biomass carbon stocks in some regions of the tropics are compensated by losses due to deforestation or diebacks linked to climate impacts (in particular the El Niño events).

Life Sciences - Health - 25.07.2019
Artificial sweeteners: certain adverse metabolic effects revealed in a preclinical model
Artificial sweeteners: certain adverse metabolic effects revealed in a preclinical model
INRA researchers, in collaboration with the University of Adelaide, Australia, studied the effects that a widely used artificial sweetener blend, i.e. acesulfame K-sucralose, has on metabolism. For the first time, they revealed ' in animals ' an increase in glucose absorption, particularly in the brain and fatty tissues, indicating certain undesirable effects on metabolism and insulin sensitivity.

Life Sciences - Innovation / Technology - 18.07.2019
Weebit Nano and CEA-Leti to demonstrate brain-inspired neuromorphic demo
The demo enables massively parallel, low-power and low-latency computation abd will be demonstrated at Flash Memory Summit 2019, August 6-8. Weebit Nano (ASX: WBT), the Israel-based semiconductor company seeking to develop and commercialize the next generation of memory technology, and CEA-Leti, a global leader in miniaturization technologies enabling smart, energy-efficient and secure solutions for industry, will demonstrate a new neuromorphic demo able to perform precise object recognition tasks in an energy-efficient manner at Flash Memory Summit 2019.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 18.07.2019
New prebiotics: benefits without the downsides?
New prebiotics: benefits without the downsides?
Prebiotics are currently a preferred treatment for certain metabolic disorders, as they can restore the balance of dysfunctional gut microbiota, and improve the body's metabolism. However, these substances have to be used at high doses, which can result in patients experiencing bloating and flatulence.

Life Sciences - 11.06.2019
DNA of ancient Roman and medieval grape seeds reveals unexpected links to modern grape varieties
DNA of ancient Roman and medieval grape seeds reveals unexpected links to modern grape varieties
Which grape varieties were popular for making wine in ancient times' Do they resemble those in use today? An international consortium which included INRA, the CNRS and the University of Montpellier1 has shed new light on viticulture in ancient Rome and the Middle Ages. Researchers sequenced the DNA of 28 grape seeds found on archaeological sites in France and compared their genomes to those of modern grape varieties.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.06.2019
Bluetongue virus can hijack the cellular machinery of its host
Bluetongue virus can hijack the cellular machinery of its host
Researchers at INRA, ANSES, and ENVA have discovered that bluetongue virus can enhance its replication by exploiting one of its host's cellular pathways. Published in the Journal of Virology , their results could help the quest to identify effective antiviral compounds for combating the virus. Bluetongue virus (BTV) can infect wild and domestic species of ruminants (ovines, caprines, and bovines).

Environment - Life Sciences - 20.05.2019
A model to guide seed choices according to climate
A model to guide seed choices according to climate
How do you know if a seed is well suited to a given environment? How can you predict its yield for a particular climate? Farmers need to know the answers to these questions when choosing their seeds because yields depend on complex interactions between seed genotype and environmental conditions. Researchers at INRA and Wageningen University & Research (WUR, Netherlands) have developed a model to predict the yield of any maize hybrid based on its genes and environmental conditions.

Life Sciences - 07.05.2019
Tailor made interactions between the uterus and embryo
Tailor made interactions between the uterus and embryo
One of the crucial stages of gestation is implantation of the embryo in the uterus, in contact with a tissue called the endometrium. However, the mechanisms that enable this implantation remain largely unclear. A Franco-American collaboration co-led by INRA research scientists has revealed that intense and fine-tuned crosstalk is established between the embryo and endometrium, allowing them to adapt to each other.

Environment - Life Sciences - 08.04.2019
Biodiversity matters: rare species play an essential role in ecosystem multifunctionality
Biodiversity matters: rare species play an essential role in ecosystem multifunctionality
An international research team that included INRA and CNRS scientists has revealed the key role played by rare plant species in maintaining ecosystem "multifunctionality": both species and evolutionary diversity is important. This work was recently been published in PNAS . Based on data from 123 sampling sites around the world, the results show that taxonomic, functional, and phylogenetic biodiversity matters for ecosystem functioning.

Life Sciences - 22.03.2019
The secret multicellular lives of viruses
The secret multicellular lives of viruses
INRA, CIRAD, and CNRS researchers recently made an unprecedented discovery: the different genomic segments of a multipartite 1 virus can occupy distinct cells within their host but still work together to generate infection. This finding challenges a key paradigm in virology, notably that a virus's entire genome must enter a given cell and replicate therein before repeating the process in subsequent cells, thus causing infection.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.03.2019
Control of mosquito-borne diseases: discovery of a new genetic element in the Wolbachia bacterium
Control of mosquito-borne diseases: discovery of a new genetic element in the Wolbachia bacterium
Researchers from INRA, CIRAD, CEA, the University of Montpellier, and Chicago and Vanderbilt Universities in the United States have developed an innovative method for analysing the genome of the Wolbachia bacterium. This endosymbiotic* bacterium infects more than 70% of insects and is capable of influencing insect transmission of pathogens such as dengue or Zika virus.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.01.2019
Crop plants could now reproduce clonally through seeds
Crop plants could now reproduce clonally through seeds
Grown throughout the world, F1 hybrid crop varieties have highly desirable traits. However, they remain expensive to produce. This situation may be about to change. By modifying the expression of certain genes, INRA researchers have created hybrid rice plants whose seeds give rise to offspring that are identical to the mother plant.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 21.12.2018
A novel antibiotic resistance mechanism
A novel antibiotic resistance mechanism
Bacteria make use of a number of natural resistance strategies to overcome antibiotics. And it seems that this bacterial toolbox may be much more varied than previously thought. Scientists at the Institut Pasteur, in collaboration with Inserm, INRA, the CNRS and the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, have recently revealed an entirely unknown resistance mechanism in Listeria monocytogenes bacteria.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.12.2018
Discovery of novel mechanisms that cause migraines
Discovery of novel mechanisms that cause migraines
PARIS, 17 december 2018 Researchers at CNRS, Université Côte d'Azur and Inserm have demonstrated a new mechanism related to the onset of migraine. In fact, they found how a mutation, causes dysfunction in a protein which inhibits neuronal electrical activity, induces migraines. These results, published in Neuron on December 17, 2018, open a new path for the development of anti-migraine medicines.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.12.2018
MON 810 and NK603 GM Maize: No Effects Detected on Rat Health or Metabolism
MON 810 and NK603 GM Maize: No Effects Detected on Rat Health or Metabolism
A diet based on MON 810 or NK603 transgenic maize does not affect the health or metabolism of rats, under the conditions of the GMO 90+1 project 1 . This unprecedented study performed by a research consortium led by Inra brought together a number of partners 2 , including Inserm. For six months, rats were fed a diet containing either GM maize (MON 810 or NK603) or non-GM maize, in varying concentrations.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.12.2018
Silicosis is on the rise, but is there a therapeutic target ?
Silicosis is on the rise, but is there a therapeutic target ?
Paris, 6 December 2018 Researchers from the CNRS, the University of Orléans, and the company Artimmune, in collaboration with Turkish clinicians from Atatürk University, have identified a key mechanism of lung inflammation induced by silica exposure, which leads to silicosis, an incurable disease. Their study in mice and patients, published (December 6th, 2018), shows that this inflammation can be prevented by extracellular DNA degradation, suggesting a new therapeutic target.

Astronomy / Space Science - Life Sciences - 05.12.2018
Pollution : New ammonia emission sources detected from space
Pollution : New ammonia emission sources detected from space
Paris, December 5, 2018 Researchers from the CNRS 1 and the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) have prepared the first global map of the distribution of atmospheric ammonia (NH3) by analyzing measurements taken by satellites between 2008 and 2016. The IASI interferometer developed by the CNES allowed them to catalog more than 200 ammonia sources, two-thirds of which had never been identified before.

Life Sciences - 29.11.2018
A prosthetic arm that decodes phantom limb movements
A prosthetic arm that decodes phantom limb movements
Paris, 29 November 2018 About 75% of amputees exhibit mobility of their phantom limb. Using this information, in collaboration with physicians 1 , researchers from CNRS and Aix-Marseille University have developed a prototype capable of detecting these movements and activating a prosthetic arm. The prosthesis does not require any surgery and patients do not need training.

Life Sciences - 29.11.2018
Fruit flies can transmit their sexual preferences culturally
Fruit flies can transmit their sexual preferences culturally
Paris, November 29, 2018 Researchers from the CNRS and université Toulouse III – Paul Sabatier (UT3) show that fruit flies possess all of the cognitive capacities needed to culturally transmit their sexual preferences across generations. The study, published on November 30, 2018 in Science , provides the first experimental toolbox for studying the existence of animal cultures, thereby opening up an entire field of research.
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