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Life Sciences - Health - 17.10.2018
Open science : International data exchange for sharing primate neuroimaging datasets
Open science : International data exchange for sharing primate neuroimaging datasets
The goal of the PRIME-DE1 data exchange is to make primate brain imaging datasets acquired in laboratories available to the entire scientific community. PRIME-DE was created by an international consortium of 22 teams—including six from the CNRS, INSERM, and the CEA—all working with macaques. Because the brains of macaques are organized so similarly to our own, these animals are crucial to the study of human brain function and pathology.

Life Sciences - 11.10.2018
Optical illusion spooks raptors
Optical illusion spooks raptors
Researchers from the CNRS and Université de Rennes 1 1 , in collaboration with Airbus, have designed a visual pattern that elicits long-term avoidance of high-risk areas by raptors. The scientists' work clears the way for further investigation into the visual cognition of these birds, and it has applications for conservation, because raptors are among the most common victims of collisions with planes and wind turbines.

Life Sciences - 11.10.2018
Do lizards dream like us ?
Do lizards dream like us ?
Researchers from the Sleep Team at the Lyon Neuroscience Research Center (CNRS / INSERM / Claude Bernard Lyon 1 University / Université Jean Monnet), together with a colleague from the MECADEV research laboratory (CNRS / Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle) 1 have confirmed that lizards exhibit two sleep states, just like humans, other mammals, and birds.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 10.10.2018
Questioning the link between pollution by magnetite particles and Alzheimer’s disease
A 2016 study 1 showed that exposure to urban pollution involving magnetite particles played a role in the development of Alzheimer's disease. It began from the hypothesis that magnetite particles would generate chemical reactions that could cause oxidative stress for neurons. CNRS researchers have now called this connection into question, showing that it is very unlikely that magnetite is involved in neuron degeneration.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.10.2018
Radiotherapy : repair proteins in search of the ring to protect DNA
To understand why some cancer cells resist radiotherapy, an international team of researchers has used crystallography to “photograph” the first moments of the molecular ballet that allows these cells to repair their DNA. The study involved teams from the CEA, CNRS, SOLEIL (French synchrotron facility), University of Paris-Sud, Gustave Roussy, Aix-Marseille University and University Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III 1 .

Health - Life Sciences - 24.09.2018
Deciphering the link between skin allergies and the gut microbiota
Over the last few years, scientists have discovered connections between gut microbiota imbalances and various diseases. Now, in a study using mice, biologists from the CNRS, INSERM, and Claude Bernard Lyon 1 University -together with colleagues from the Institut Pasteur de Lille and the NIH (USA)- have revealed a surprising relationship between a viral detection system, the composition of the gut microbiota, and the development of skin allergies.

Life Sciences - 11.09.2018
Plant genome editing: INRA defines its strategy
Plant genome editing is a technology that attracts much social and regulatory debate: INRA has defined a strategy for the use of these new techniques to acquire new knowledge and in plant breeding. The principles underlying this strategy are in line with the Institute's values and with its ambition to contribute to environmental, social and economic progress.

Life Sciences - 05.09.2018
The Rosa genome provides new insights into the domestication of modern roses
Abstract: Roses have high cultural and economic importance as ornamental plants and in the perfume industry. We report the rose whole-genome sequencing and assembly and resequencing of major genotypes that contributed to rose domestication. We generated a homozygous genotype from a heterozygous diploid modern rose progenitor, Rosa chinensis 'Old Blush'.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.09.2018
Pathology and social interactions : Safety in numbers
Pathology and social interactions : Safety in numbers
What if social behavior affected the progression of even noncontagious diseases' This is precisely what has been demonstrated by French CNRS teams, 1 with support from the French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD), Paris-Sud University, the University of Montpellier, the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), and colleagues from Spain and Australia.

Life Sciences - 03.09.2018
How does Harlequin Ladybug draw black dots or red dots?
How does Harlequin Ladybug draw black dots or red dots?
What distinguishes black ladybirds with red dots from red ladybugs with black dots? Children - as adults - have one day asked this question. Researchers have identified the genetic variations responsible for the different coloration patterns of Harlequin ladybugs. They have just identified the gene that alone has all the necessary instructions to draw the different patterns that decorate the wings.

Life Sciences - 30.08.2018
A brain mechanism involved in mediated learning is identified
A brain mechanism involved in mediated learning is identified
Imagine that you are eating a Granny apple under a red parasol on the terrace of a public garden. The next day you eat another Granny apple at home in your kitchen, but soon afterwards find yourself ill. The next time you go back to the public garden, you avoid sitting under that red parasol. While there may not seem to be a link between the parasol and the fact that you were ill, there actually is! This is an example of the mediated learning process, and researchers from INRA and INSERM have just identified the brain mechanism involved in it.

Life Sciences - Health - 22.08.2018
The influence of genetics on nutritional requirements
The influence of genetics on nutritional requirements
Approximately 0.1%: that is the average genetic difference between two individuals. This small percentage is responsible for the variations of certain physical traits, such as eyes, hair, and height, but also for differences in our susceptibility to certain diseases and our capacity to absorb vitamins and phytomicronutrients (carotenoids, polyphenols, etc.), involved in the prevention of chronic disease.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.08.2018
New perspectives to improve wheat: the reference sequence of wheat genome is finally a reality
New perspectives to improve wheat: the reference sequence of wheat genome is finally a reality
The International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC), of which INRA is a leading member, published the first wheat genome reference sequence in Science , on 17 August 2018. French research teams from INRA, CEA, and the universities of Clermont-Auvergne, Evry, Paris-Sud and Paris-Saclay contributed to the project, a scientific milestone due to the enormous complexity and size of the genome - five times larger than the human genome and forty times larger than the rice genome.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 06.08.2018
Mice's individuality is influenced by their relations
Mice’s individuality is influenced by their relations
Individuality is not exclusive to humans. Though this idea was previously rebutted by biologists, today it is accepted that individuality is found in all animal species. It is defined as all the behavior differences between individuals of a single species that are relatively stable over time. Though the process called individuation is supported by genetic and development components, researchers have just demonstrated in mice that the social environment and activity of some neurons also participate in determining the emergence of distinct individuals.

Environment - Life Sciences - 30.07.2018
Largest king penguin colony has shrunk nearly 90%
Largest king penguin colony has shrunk nearly 90%
The world's biggest colony of king penguins is found in the National Nature Reserve of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands (TAAF). Using high-resolution satellite images, researchers from the Chizé Centre for Biological Studies (CNRS / University of La Rochelle) 1 have detected a massive 88% reduction in the size of the penguin colony, located on Île aux Cochons, in the Îles Crozet archipelago.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 14.06.2018
Jacket for cardiorespiratory monitoring of laboratory animals
Jacket for cardiorespiratory monitoring of laboratory animals
To meet their objective of offering connected devices for the physiological monitoring of laboratory animals without recourse to anesthesia or surgery, researchers from the TIMC-IMAG laboratory (CNRS / Université Grenoble Alpes / Grenoble INP / VetAgro Sup) have developed a jacket that measures rodent cardiac and respiratory activity.

Life Sciences - 11.06.2018
Pandoravirus : giant viruses invent their own genes
Pandoravirus : giant viruses invent their own genes
Three new members have been isolated and added to the Pandoravirus family by researchers at the Structural and Genomic Information Laboratory (CNRS/Aix‐Marseille Université), working with partners at the Large Scale Biology Laboratory (CEA/Inserm/Université Grenoble‐Alpes) and at CEA-Genoscope.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 11.06.2018
Alzheimer's disease : how amyloid aggregates alter neuronal function
Alzheimer’s disease : how amyloid aggregates alter neuronal function
The accumulation of amyloid peptides in the form of plaques in the brain is one of the primary indicators of Alzheimer's disease.

Life Sciences - 07.06.2018
Bees and the thought of naught
Bees and the thought of naught
Honeybees can conceive and interpret zero. This has just been demonstrated by a scientist from the Research Centre on Animal Cognition (CNRS / Université Toulouse III—Paul Sabatier) and her Australian colleagues, proving for the first time ever that insects are capable of mathematical abstraction. As zero, designating nothingness, neutrality, or absence, is a relatively recent concept for humans, Though some vertebrates had already been shown to master complex numerical concepts like addition and zero, no evidence of this existed for insects.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.06.2018
Nextbiotix raises ¤ 7m in a Series A round to tackle inflammatory bowel diseases
Nextbiotix raises ¤ 7m in a Series A round to tackle inflammatory bowel diseases
Nextbiotix, a microbiome biotech company developing innovative Live Biotherapeutics using commensal bacteria as drugs to treat major inflammatory bowel diseases, today announced that it has completed a ¤7m Series A financing round to bring its lead candidate into the clinic.

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