Événement INSTITUT-OCEAN Les aires marines protégées : enjeux et défis actuels

Interdisciplinary summer school
Law - marine biology - geography - ecology - economics - history
Marine protected areas: current issues and challenges
From 19 June to 23 June 2023

Interdisciplinary summer school organised by the Institute of Ocean Sciences

Dates: 19 June 2023 to 23 June 2023

Public : Students from Master 1, PhD students, professionals

: Free for students registered at Aix-Marseille University and CIVIS universities, 200¤ for other participants.

Location : Marseille, Luminy Campus, Bat. OCEANOMED, and Endoume marine station, Marseille

Language : Most of the lectures will be given in French. Some lectures will be in English (level of understanding in French and English required)

ECTS : 3 - 35 hours of teaching - Daily MCQ exams

Highlights : 2 excursions to the Parc National des Calanques - Boat trip - 1 practical session on plastic pollution monitoring methods, lectures by eminent experts.

A transversal approach to the current issues and challenges related to the conservation and management of marine protected areas:

Interdisciplinarity: marine biology, law, geography, marine ecology, economics, paleoceanography, sociology, biogeochemistry, history
Varied programme: field trips, classroom teaching, experiments, lectures
Expert and diverse speakers: a summer school that relies on partnerships and privileged relationships between teacher-researchers and actors from the socio-economic world
Topics covered

Day 1 : General presentation of the Calanques National Park and issues relating to MPAs (outing and forward-looking workshop).
Day 2 : Vulnerabilities, risks and pressures in a context of climate change.
Day 3 : Management of fisheries resources.
Day 4 : Marine pollution - managing plastic contamination.
Day 5 : From conflict to compromise: reconciling activities within MPAs (field trip and course).


Cadoret Anne, Professor associate, UMR CNRS 7303, TELEMMe, Aix-Marseille University, anne.cadoret@univ-amu.fr

Pascale Ricard, CNRS Research Fellow, UMR DICE, CERIC, Aix-Marseille University, pascale.RICARD@univ-amu.fr

François Sabatier, Professor associate, UMR CNRS CEREGE, Aix-Marseille University, francois.sabatier@univ-amu.fr

Yoan Furtado, Project Manager, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Aix-Marseille University, yoan.furtado@osupytheas

Objectives and skills

- To provide knowledge directly or indirectly related to research themes or professional choices linked to the management issues of an MPA.
- Understand and relate the fundamentals of different disciplines around a common object: the marine protected area.
- Understand the complexity of management decisions and the plurality of methods, measures and interconnections concerning the management of marine protected areas.
- Understand the variety of stakeholders and the different scales of governance involved in marine protected areas.
- Adapt and actively participate in a variety of activities.
- Work in interdisciplinary teams.


The fight against the erosion of biodiversity, in the context of the sixth mass extinction, has helped shape international and national strategies for the protection and management of coastal and marine ecosystems. Marine protected areas are one of the main mechanisms of the public policies that have resulted from this, and their number has increased considerably in recent decades. According to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) defined within the framework of the United Nations, States must effectively protect at least 10% of their marine and coastal areas, and this target has risen to 30% since the 15th Conference of the Parties on biological diversity. The achievement of quantified objectives to combat biodiversity loss nevertheless depends on their effectiveness, understood as their capacity to carry out conservation actions that are beneficial for the restoration or maintenance of ecosystems and to last over time. Ecological, biological, legal, socio-economic, cultural and political aspects must be taken into account in order to manage MPAs.
This summer school aims to provide interdisciplinary knowledge on MPAs and the challenges of their management, through a case study: the Calanques National Park, at the land-sea and city-nature interface. The Calanques National Park, established in 2012, is a world-renowned marine protected area, covering a land and sea area of more than 141,200 hectares (30% of which are in reinforced protection zones corresponding to the "hearts of the national park"). The park is characterised by spectacular landscapes inherited from a geological history and shaped by ancient human activities, it is home to a diversity of marine ecosystems, a rich cultural and intangible heritage, and numerous professional and leisure activities. This territory, which is adjacent to one of France’s largest metropolises, is also subject to anthropic pressures and changing environmental risks.

The Calanques National Park will be the entry point to discuss the current issues of MPAs, the vulnerability of ecosystems, the management of fisheries resources, marine pollution, coastal erosion, climate change, social acceptance, as well as the technical, political and legislative tools and mechanisms at the national, regional and international levels. These elements will be addressed during field trips, in classrooms or during conferences by researchers and teacher-researchers from Aix Marseille University, players from the socio-economic world of the metropolitan area and international experts specialising in the above-mentioned fields. A forward-looking workshop on anchorages, led by a National Park official, will provide a concrete opportunity to cross-reference the themes addressed during the week.
The courses and conferences will enable students (Masters and doctoral students), professionals and biodiversity conservation stakeholders (natural area managers) to understand the long-term and day-to-day issues involved in managing an MPA, taking into account several time scales: geological, ecological, historical, legal and political time, in a socio-ecosystemic approach. The lectures and interventions in the classroom and in the field will also allow students to navigate between scalar levels : from the habitat of a micro-organism to the landscape to the Mediterranean, to the flows and movements of the planet, to the more territorial and local dynamics that influence current and future conservation measures.

The programme of this summer school is built in such a way as to provide knowledge on a particular focus each day through lectures and discussions led by scientists from different disciplines and institutional and socio-economic speakers. Two field trips are planned, including one at sea on the first day, which will enable students to get closer to each other and better understand the challenges of managing a marine area by putting them into context.

Summer school program

Day 1
Monday 19th June

Day 2
Tuesday 20th June

Day 3
Wednesday 21st June

Day 4
Thursday 22nd June

Day 5
23rd June


General presentation of the Calanques National Park and the issues relating to MPAs

Vulnerabilities, risks and pressures in a context of climate change

Management of fisheries resources

Marine pollution - management of plastic contamination

From conflict to compromise: reconciling activities within MPAs


Excursion to the sea
RDV 8:30 am at the Vieux Port, Marseille

Anne Cadoret, MCF in Geography-Planning,
Marine protected areas: public action mechanisms for biodiversity conservation

Jean-Eudes Beuret, Pr. in Economics,
The governance of an MPA: the case of Natura 2000 at sea: the challenges of an inclusive and constructive governance

Sandrine Ruitton, MCF in Marine Ecology, Anthropic impacts on marine ecosystems. Should we manage, protect or restore? The case of the Prado artificial reefs


9am: Sébastien Gadal, Professor of Geography "Arctic protected marine areas: between environmental protection, geopolitical vulnerabilities and pressure tactics

10:00-12:00: François Sabatier, MCF in Geography-Planning: Coastal erosion processes


9 am: Daniel Faget : Effective regulation of resource exploitation by the prud’homies, or the invention of a golden age of fisheries in the western Mediterranean (15th-20th century)

10h Sophie Gambardella, CR CNRS in Law, The role of regional fisheries management organisations in the management and conservation of fisheries resources in the Mediterranean

11:00-12:30: Prospective workshop


9h00 : Richard Sempéré : Plastic pollution and its effects

09:30 - 10:15: Ève Truilhé, DR CNRS in Law: The fight against plastic pollution: what legal framework?

10h30-11h : Marie-Pierre Lanfranchi : The current negotiations for an international treaty on plastic pollution of the oceans. Professor at the University of Aix-Marseille in Law

11.30am: Sandrine Ruitton, MCF in Marine Ecology, Lost fishing gear, macro-waste in the Mediterranean

On the field
RDV 8:30 am at the Madrague de Montredon bus stop, Marseille

Philippe Sanchez, Head of the Maritime Division, Régie Transports Métropolitain, the implementation of maritime transport to the Calanques of Marseille, between obstacles and levers

Julien Tavernier, in charge of nautical activities, Calanques National Park, the impacts of nautical activities on a peri-urban Mediterranean marine protected area, possible solutions to limit them

Anne Cadoret, MCF in Geography and Planning,
The territorialization of MPAs with regard to conflictuality: role and stakes of conflicts in the implementation of MPAs


Endoume Marine Station, Marseille

15h Éloise Faure, project manager "organisation of moorings" Calanques National Park and Antoine Dolez, Plan Bleu,

launch of the Prospects workshop


13h30 Charles-François Boudouresque, Pr. Emeritus, Marine Biology, Invasive species do not respect the limits of marine protected areas.

14h30 Samuel Robert, DR CNRS in Geography, Recreational use of coastal and marine protected areas: Characterisation, monitoring and management

15h30 Pauline Vouriot, Coordinator of the Climate Change Adaptation Plan, Calanques National Park


14h15-15h Laurence Le Diréach, GIS POSIDONIE, Monitoring of fish in No-take Zones

15h15-16h Laurent Debas, Director of the NGO Planète mer and Audrey Lepetit, Resp. Prog. Pêcheurs d’Avenir at Planète Mer, the role of participatory sciences for the protection and presentation of the project Pêcheurs Engagés pour l’Avenir de la MEDiterranée

16h30-17h30 round table: Speakers from Pêche et Ocean Canada, Alain Barcelo, Marie-Claire Gomez, Marion Peirache, Port-Cros National Park and Pelagos sanctuary


14h-16h Laurence Vidal, Professor in Environmental Geosciences

Laetitia Licari, MCF in Environmental Geosciences

Anaëlle Alcaïno, PhD in Environmental Geosciences

TP Microplastics: pollution by microplastics in the bay of Marseille and MPAs: practical approach


14h : Éloïse Faure, Parc national des Calanques and Antoine Dolez, Plan Bleu, Prospective workshop, restitution of the week’s work

Social and cultural events

Endoume Marine Station - 6pm


Richard Semperé, Ocean Institute, presentation of the Institute of Ocean Sciences

Pascale Ricard, CR CNRS in law: the State’s competences in terms of MPAs and the link between the different levels

OCEANOMED, Luminy - 6.30 pm

6.30 pm: Thierry Duchesne, General Commissioner, former Deputy Maritime Prefect for the Mediterranean - The protection of marine protected areas, the role of the maritime prefect?

OCEANOMED, Luminy - 17h

Patrick Christie, Professor of Sociology, University of Washington,
Interdisciplinarity and participatory methods in ocean sciences and knowledge networks (to be confirmed)

Endoume Marine Station - 5pm

Reda Neveu, Data officer (to be confirmed) MedPAN, the network of Mediterranean marine protected area managers, in connection with the foresight workshops

Presentation of the results of the internships financed by the Institut Océan in the form of a poster


As this summer school is accredited with 3 ECTS, an evaluation process is integrated in the programme. Participants will be invited to consult scientific articles and pedagogical documents before the summer school and to fill in a MCQ at the end of each day. The results of the exams will be communicated on the last day of the summer school.

Registration procedure

The registration to the summer school takes place in 2 phases.
- Phase 1: Pre-registration (deadline 05 May 2022)
To pre-register, you must complete and send the following Google FORM: Here - Following the selection of the jury, the selected candidates will be informed no later than 10 May and invited to complete phase 2 of the Faculty registration.

- Phase 2: Faculty registration The registration to the Faculty is compulsory and will allow you to obtain, at the end of the summer school, 3 ECTS.
To complete the registration of phase 2, professionals must pay the registration fee.

Registration fees

The summer school is :
- free for AMU and CIVIS students - 200 euros for other students and professionals The registration fee covers the cost of the boat trip and field transportation to the National Park as well as the materials for the practical courses. Packed lunches will be provided on both excursions.
Payment instructions will be provided in Phase 2 of the registration process by email after confirmation of your selection.
Food, accommodation and transport are not included in the fees and are the responsibility of the participants.

Practical information

Where does the summer school take place?

The summer school will take place at the OCEANOMED building at the Luminy Campus

Field trips

The summer school uses the Calanques National Park as a case study of interdisciplinary approaches and challenges in the management of marine protected areas. Two field trips are therefore organised.
The first day of the summer school includes a boat trip.
The fifth day of the summer school includes a visit to the calanques of Marseille near Mont Rose

What to bring :

Comfortable walking shoes, water, a hat and sun protection for the excursions are recommended.

Evening lectures and social events

In addition to the teaching programme, each evening there will be lectures open to the public by leading experts and representatives of public institutions or NGOs in the field, or social events.

Accommodation and transport

The Summer School does not cover accommodation or transport. For information on accommodation, please consult the Accommodation - International Students section of the Aix-Marseille University website.

How to get to Marseille

By plane Marseille Provence Airport (MRS) is the main airport in the Marseille area. It is located 27 km northwest of Marseille, in the territory of Marignane.

Transport from Marseille airport to the city centre:
The cheapest and easiest way to get to Marseille city centre from the airport is by bus. The airport shuttle bus takes 30 minutes to reach the Saint Charles train station in Marseille. You can read "Navette Aéroport-Gare St Charles" on the buses. Tickets cost 10¤ one way (or 16¤ round trip).
You can buy your tickets at the transport kiosk in the arrivals hall or at one of the many ticket machines located around the arrivals terminal.

The airport shuttle bus departs from Terminal 1 (MP1). You will find the bus waiting on platform 2 between halls 1 and 3. Please note that each shuttle bus has a different route, so please ensure you get on the correct bus.

Fares and timetables are available : here

By bus Marseille’s Saint Charles bus station is located in the centre of the city, a 10-minute walk from the city centre. The railway station (Gare Saint-Charles) is located next door.
The bus station is served by international Eurolines buses as well as by regional bus lines. Intercity connections include more than 20 cities in France (Paris, Toulouse, Lyon...) and international bus connections to Spain (Madrid, Barcelona, Zaragoza...), Italy (Rome, Milan, Genoa...), Portugal (Lisbon, Porto, Braga...) and 8 other European countries.
How to get to the Luminy Campus From the Vieux Port of Marseille

- Go to the metro station "Noailles".
- Take line 2 "Gèze - Sainte-Marguerite Dromel" (red line), direction Sainte-Marguerite Dromel.
- Get off at Stade Vélodrome/Rond Point du Prado station.
- Take bus B1 "Castellane - Campus de Luminy" or 21 JET "Métro Rond Point du Prado - Campus de Luminy".
- The "Campus de Luminy" is the last stop.
- Follow the signs to the MIO OCEANOMED building.
- Duration of the journey: 40 min (approx.)

From the train station (Gare Saint Charles)

- Go to the metro station "Saint-Charles Marseille".
- Take line 2 "Gèze - Sainte-Marguerite Dromel" (red line), direction Sainte Marguerite Dromel - Get off at Stade Vélodrome/Rond Point du Prado station - Take bus B1 "Castellane - Campus de Luminy" or 21 JET "Métro Rond Point du Prado - Campus de Luminy".
- The "Campus de Luminy" is the last stop.
- Follow the signs indicating the MIO - OCEANOMED building.
- Duration of the journey: 40 min.

From Rond Point du Prado/Stade Vélodrome

- Take bus B1 "Castellane - Campus de Luminy" or 21 JET "Métro Rond Point du Prado - Campus de Luminy".
- The "Campus de Luminy" is the last stop.
- Follow the signs indicating the MIO - OCEANOMED building.
- Duration of the journey: 25 min (approx.)

To find out more about the many speakers who will be taking part in the summer school, The summer school will take place at the OCEANOMED building at the Luminy Campus

The Summer School does not cover accommodation or transport. For information on accommodation, please consult the Accommodation - International Students section of the Aix-Marseille University website.