Metal-Metal Synergy in Well-Defined Surface Tantalum-Iridium Heterobimetallic Catalysts for H/D Exchange Reactions

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Publication by CRMN in the American Chemical Society journal on November 11, 2019.

Abstract A novel heterobimetallic tantalum/iridium hydrido complex, [{Ta(CH2tBu)3}{IrH2(Cp*)}], featuring a very short metal-metal bond, has been isolated through an original alkane elimination route from Ta(CHtBu)(CH2tBu)3 and Cp*IrH4. This molecular precursor has been used to synthesize well-defined silica-supported low-coordinate heterobimetallic hydrido species [?SiOTa(CH2tBu)2{IrH2(Cp*)}], and [?SiOTa(CH2tBu)H{IrH2(Cp*)}], using a surface organometallic chemistry (SOMC) approach. The SOMC methodology prevents undesired dimerization as encountered in solution and leading to a tetranuclear species [{Ta(CH2tBu)2}(Cp*IrH)]2. This approach therefore allows access to unique low-coordinate species not attainable in solution. These original supported Ta/Ir species exhibit drastically enhanced catalytic performances in H/D exchange reactions with respect to (i) monometallic analogues as well as (ii) homogeneous systems. In particular, material 6 promotes the H/D exchange between fluorobenzene and C6D6 or D2 as deuterium sources with excellent productivity (TON up to 1422; TOF up to 23.3 h-1) under mild conditions (25 °C, sub-atmospheric D2 pressure) without any additives.

Source: Sébastien Lassalle, Ribal Jabbour, Pauline Schiltz, Pierrick Berruyer, Tanya K. Todorova, Laurent Veyre, David Gajan, Anne Lesage, Chloé Thieuleux, Clément Camp. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019, 49 (141), 19321-19335.

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