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Results 1 - 12 of 12.


Astronomy / Space - Physics - 06.12.2023
Stellar winds regulate growth of galaxies
Stellar winds regulate growth of galaxies
Galactic winds enable the exchange of matter between galaxies and their surroundings. In this way, they limit the growth of galaxies, that is, their star formation rate. Although this had already been observed in the local universe, an international research team led by a CNRS scientist 1   has just revealed-using MUSE, 2  an instrument integrated into the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) Very Large Telescope-the existence of the phenomenon in galaxies which are more than 7 billion years old and actively forming stars, the category to which most galaxies belong.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 05.10.2023
Pulsar emits highest-energy radiation ever observed
Pulsar emits highest-energy radiation ever observed
Pulsars, small, very dense dead stars, emit electromagnetic radiation in the form of beams that sweep through space at regular intervals, rather like cosmic lighthouses. Now, recent observations of one of the nearest pulsars to Earth, the Vela pulsar, have caused a major stir in the scientific community: radiation around 200 times more energetic than any previously detected from this source has been detected at the H.E.S.S.

Astronomy / Space - 27.09.2023
The mass of the Milky Way is sharply revised downwards, calling cosmology into question
The mass of the Milky Way is sharply revised downwards, calling cosmology into question
Thanks to the latest catalog from ESA's Gaia satellite, an international team, led by astronomers from Observatoire de Paris - PSL and CNRS, obtains the most accurate measurement of the Milky Way's mass. The subject of an article published in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics on September 27, 2023, this study opens the way to important questions in cosmology, particularly on the relative amount of dark matter contained in our Galaxy.

Environment - Astronomy / Space - 09.08.2023
Mars: new evidence of an environment conducive to the emergence of life
Mars: new evidence of an environment conducive to the emergence of life
Scientists have discovered fossil evidence of a cyclical climate on Mars, with wet and dry seasons like those on Earth. This environment, in which simple organic molecules have already been discovered, may have provided ideal conditions for the formation of complex organic compounds. This work opens up new prospects for research into the processes underlying the origin of life, of which no vestiges remain on Earth.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 12.07.2023
Stellar winds regulate growth of galaxies
Publication of the CRAL in the journal Nature on December 6, 2023. Press alert of CNRS on December 6, 2023. Galactic winds enable the exchange of matter between galaxies and their surroundings. In this way, they limit the growth of galaxies, that is, their star formation rate.

Astronomy / Space - 21.06.2023
Detection of an echo emitted by our Galaxy's black hole 200 years ago
Detection of an echo emitted by our Galaxy’s black hole 200 years ago
An international team of scientists has discovered that Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*) 1 , the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way, emerged from a long period of dormancy some 200 years ago. The team, led by Frédéric Marin 2 , a CNRS researcher at the Astronomical Strasbourg Observatory (CNRS/University of Strasbourg), has revealed the past awakening of this gigantic object, which is four million times more massive than the Sun.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 19.06.2023
Superionic ammonia created and analyzed in the laboratory
Superionic ammonia created and analyzed in the laboratory
Ammonia plays an important role in the mechanisms at work inside the planets Uranus and Neptune. Experiments carried out at the Laboratory for the Use of Intense Lasers (LULI) have reproduced the extreme conditions prevailing on these planets, and demonstrated the fusion of "superionic" ammonia ice. These results are reported in the journal Nature Physics.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 12.06.2023
A French-German laboratory for identifying the nature of dark matter
A French-German laboratory for identifying the nature of dark matter
  Dark matter remains a scientific mystery: it makes up 26% of our Universe's total energy density, but has never been observed. The CNRS and German research centres from the Helmholtz Association have joined forces to create the Dark Matter Lab (DMLab), an International Research Laboratory (IRL) focusing on the mysterious substance that is dark matter.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 11.05.2023
James Webb Space Telescope reveals composition of protoplanetary disc
  Young stars are surrounded by discs of material from which future planets form. The James Webb Space Telescope has revealed the chemical composition of the disc around the star J160532, which turns out to be rich in hydrocarbons. In recent years, observations  have shown that rocky exoplanets are very abundant around low-mass stars such as J160532.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 11.05.2023
The James Webb Telescope reveals the composition of a protoplanetary disk
Young stars are surrounded by disks of material where future planets are born. The James Webb telescope has revealed the chemical composition of the disk of the star J160532, rich in hydrocarbons. Observations in recent years have shown that rocky exoplanets are very abundant around "light" stars like J160532.

Astronomy / Space - 03.05.2023
The Moon's heart revealed for the first time
The Moon’s heart revealed for the first time
  By combining various techniques, scientists have successfully revealed the internal structure of the Moon. Their findings confirm that the Moon has a solid core, like the Earth. They also confirm the 'mantle overturn' and explain the presence of iron-rich elements at the surface of the Moon.

Astronomy / Space - Chemistry - 14.04.2023
Discovery of a cosmic stream of cold gas feeding a massive galaxy in the young Universe
Publication of the CRAL in the journal Science on March 30, 2023. Communication of the CNRS-INSU on April 14, 2023. In this study, published in the journal Science , an international team involving French scientists from the Lyon Astrophysics Research Center (CRAL - OSUL, CNRS / ENS de Lyon / Claude Bernard Lyon 1 University) and the Institut d'astrophysique de Paris (IAP, CNRS/Sorbonne University) focus on one of the processes involved in the formation and evolution of galaxies.